Siemens rejected Russia’s data on the reasons for the reduction in gas supplies to Germany

Siemens Energy called “very convenient” the reason given by Gazprom for reducing gas supplies to Germany. Such a significant drop in gas pumping volumes would not have occurred due to turbines being repaired, said Käser

The significant reduction in Russian gas supplies to Germany occurred for political reasons, and not because of the failure to return the turbine for Nord Stream gas pipeline from repair, according to the Russian side. This was stated by Siemens Energy CEO Joe Käser in an interview with Süddeutsche Zeitung.

«It is very convenient to involve a company that is well known in Russia— said Kezer.— Even if it were, it would never justify such a large reduction in gas flow.

The head of Siemens Energy noted that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz is reacting objectively and balancedly to the crisis, trying to mitigate the escalation. He pointed out, “This is a gift these days. Enough people are already excited.

RBC sent a request to a representative of Gazprom.

We are talking about reducing the supply of Russian gas to Germany, about which Gazprom notified the German side on 14 June. Gas supply fell from the planned 167 million to 100 million cubic meters. m per day, the next day another gas turbine engine was decommissioned, which reduced the volume of pumping to 67 million cubic meters. m of gas per day.

The Russian company explained what was happening with the delay in the repair of Siemens units (it decided to leave the Russian market in May), they are being repaired in Montreal, Canada, and it is difficult to take them out due to sanctions. The Kremlin insisted on a similar version of the reason for the current situation, assuring that Russia remains a responsible supplier.

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German vice-chancellor Robert Habeck, however, considered that the reason for the reduction in supplies was political reasons, not technical ones. He said that the repair work on the pipeline, which will affect the volume of gas supplies, should not be carried out by Siemens Energy until autumn and in any case will not affect 40% of the gas pipeline infrastructure. He announced additional measures to save gas in Germany, calling relations with Russia on the issue of supplies “arm wrestling”.

At the same time, the German authorities admitted that Russia could completely cut off gas supplies, Habek expressed this opinion at the end of June. “In reality, [Russian President Vladimir] Putin is gradually reducing the amount of gas,” — he said. Khabek believes that Putin intends to put pressure on the market and increase the cost of gas in Europe to “stir up social unrest and destroy unity.”

The Financial Times also wrote about the fears of German officials in Moscow's plans to cut off gas supplies, indicating that Nord Stream will be closed for approximately two weeks from mid-July for annual maintenance. Carsten Rolle, a member of the German business confederation BDI, explained in an interview with the newspaper that in previous years, Gazprom made up for the shortage of gas due to maintenance of the gas pipeline, sending more gas to Germany through Ukraine or through the Yamal gas pipeline; Europe» via Poland.

One of the FT's unnamed German officials spoke of fears that the deficit will not be replenished this year. “They have already reduced flows through Nord Stream 1” by 60% and did not compensate for this by increasing flows through other pipelines,— he explained.

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Vice-Chancellor of Germany admitted to saving on the soul because of Russian gas

Against the backdrop of limited Russian gas supplies and the risk of its shortage this winter, even high-ranking German officials have to make personal sacrifices

Robert Habek

German Vice-Chancellor, Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habek, in an interview with Spiegel, said that he began to spend less time in the shower for the sake of solidarity with the call of his department, which suggested using such household methods to save energy because of expensive energy carriers.

“I adhere to what my ministry recommends (energy saving.— RBC). I have significantly reduced my shower time. But I'm a bad example. As a minister, I have a salary that others only dream of. Besides, I come home late, get up at six and leave at seven. In winter, there is no need to heat at all. My Dutch colleague recently told me proudly that they want to campaign to reduce the average shower time from ten to five minutes. I felt funny. I have never taken a shower for five minutes in my life. I wash quickly, — he said.

Khabek acknowledged that the rise in prices due to the rise in gas prices and the economic situation that developed after the outbreak of hostilities in Ukraine could hit the low-income segments of the population hard. “If you make a lot of money, you can handle rising prices. But I know many citizens who do not have enough money until the end of the month. There are people who did not heat all the rooms in their apartment last winter. And to be honest, it's not over yet. More people will suffer,— Habek says.

According to him, Germany is facing a shortage of gas in the coming winter, so all Germans need to cut energy consumption. “Gas consumption should be reduced wherever possible. Otherwise it will be difficult, — he emphasized. Otherwise, the authorities will have to make difficult decisions, the minister noted, in particular— cut gas supplies to some industries.

As early as March 30, Germany introduced the first level of the emergency warning regime in gas supply due to possible interruptions in supplies from Russia— it provides for the maximum reduction of gas consumption and constant monitoring of the situation on the gas market. On June 23, the level of emergency warning was increased by another step. The third, last level will be emergency, the gas market will be regulated by the authorities.

Against the backdrop of problems with gas supplies from Russia and fears of a complete overlap of Russian exports to Germany, various options for saving energy resources were proposed. In addition to reducing the time spent in hot water showers, savings on heating were among the proposals. And the head of the Association of German Trade Unions, Rainer Hoffmann, proposed introducing a temporary speed limit on German roads: up to 100 km/h on highways and up to 30 km/h in cities to save gasoline. The idea was supported by the Minister of Food and Agriculture of Germany, Cem Ozdemir.

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The Gorbachev Foundation denied reports about the export of the Nobel medal to Germany

The information about the export of the Nobel medal of the first president of the USSR Mikhail Gorbachev to Germany is not true, RBC was told in the press service of the Gorbachev Foundation.

“The statement about the export of the Nobel awards to Germany is a slanderous insinuation, — said the press service of the fund. They reported that the ex-president in 1991 directed the monetary part of the Nobel Peace Prize to charitable purposes— in six medical institutions in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. The medal and diploma of the laureate are owned by Gorbachev, the Foundation noted.

“Currently, the Gorbachev Foundation does not have the opportunity to exhibit in one place all the objects and documents included in the collection of the Museum of Perestroika. Some of them are on display at the Gorbachev Foundation, some have been transferred to various Russian museums, the rest are in storage, — The press service noted.

Earlier, the Brief Telegram channel, citing a source, reported that “Gorbachev's daughter took her father's Nobel medal to Germany.”

Gorbachev received the Nobel Peace Prize on October 15, 1990. The Nobel Committee said in a statement that he was awarded “for his leading role in the peace process.”

Gorbachev was the last general secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, he held this position from 1985 to 1991. In the late 1980s, he was Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, and in 1990-1991 he served as President of the USSR.

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Scholz called Germany’s mistake in relations with Russia

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz supported the policy of Angela Merkel in relations with Russia The current chancellor refused to condemn the policy of his predecessor Angela Merkel, noting that an attempt to negotiate peacefully could not be a mistake. Scholz considered it a mistake that Germany became dependent on Russian energy resources =”Scholz called Germany's mistake in relations with Russia” />

Angela Merkel and Olaf Scholz

Former German Chancellor Angela Merkel's policy towards Russia was not wrong, an attempt at peaceful coexistence cannot be, but Berlin's energy dependence from Moscow is a mistake, acting Prime Minister Olaf Scholz told DPA.

“An attempt at reconciliation can never be wrong, as well as an attempt to negotiate peacefully with each other. So I see myself closely next to my predecessor,»,— he said (quote from Welt).

According to him, a mistake has been made in the energy policy of Germany in recent years— Germany has become overly dependent on Russian energy resources, without creating the necessary infrastructure “so that in case of emergency it could quickly turn the situation around.” At the same time, Scholz refused to condemn Merkel's policy, saying: “I have always worked well with the former German chancellor and see no reason to question this in retrospect.”

Scholz also defends Merkel's decision to oppose Ukraine's NATO membership in 2008. Then she explained her position by the fact that only those countries in which the bloc is supported not only by politicians, but also by a significant percentage of the population should join the alliance. Later, Merkel said that Ukraine and Georgia, whose accelerated membership was decided at the summit, could become NATO members, but the time has not come yet.

“NATO membership criteria must be met by any state that wants to join an alliance. Ukraine's accession to NATO did not take place,” Scholz noted, stressing that President Vladimir Putin nevertheless justified the start of the military operation.

The dependence on Russian gas supplies and the country's ability to use this as leverage was warned in the United States as early as the 1980s. In 1981, the Reagan administration, in response to the introduction of martial law in Poland, tried to stop the construction of the main export gas pipeline Urengoy— Pomary— Uzhgorod, which was attended by European companies and banks. Washington imposed a ban on the supply of high-tech equipment from the United States to the USSR, and in 1982 tightened the embargo, banning the supply of products to foreign affiliates of American companies.

The European partners of the US refused to support these sanctions and declared them illegal. As a result of negotiations with representatives of European governments, on November 13, 1982, US President Ronald Reagan announced the lifting of the embargo on the supply of oil and gas equipment to the USSR.

Read on RBC Pro Pro Parallel imports: what goods can be imported from Turkey to bypass sanctions 4 More Types of Candidates HR Doesn't Like Super Mario Investment Principles p> The German authorities, after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine and the imposition of sanctions against Russia, including the supply of coal, oil, and so far only the ban on Russian gas under discussion, said that it was hard for the country to abandon energy resources from Russia. So, on June 13, Scholz, speaking at the EU summit in Brussels, said that the German government is doing everything possible to reduce dependence on Russian oil and gas as soon as possible, but there are “serious practical problems” with this.

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Germany began negotiations with Canada on the supply of Siemens gas turbines

Photo: flickr.com

The supply of Siemens gas turbines is being discussed by Germany and the government of Canada, Izvestia writes.

< p>BMWK spokesperson Susanne Ungard added that Berlin is in contact with the Canadian government regarding the supply of Siemens gas turbines.

“We cannot provide details,” Ungard said. .

Gazprom announced the shutdown of another Siemens gas turbine at the Portovaya compressor station operating as part of the Nord Stream gas pipeline.

The company's message says that from tomorrow day, the possible volume of deliveries through the gas pipeline will not exceed 67 million cubic meters per day.

Earlier, Gazprom said that “due to the untimely return of gas pumps by Siemens, units from repair” at the station “Portovaya” can be used only three gas compressor units, in connection with which the volume of supplies is reduced to 100 million cubic meters. m per day with a planned volume of 167 million cubic meters. m per day.

Siemens Energy later announced that they were discussing with the authorities of Canada and Germany the problem of returning turbines to the Russian Federation. It was pointed out that the turbine was being overhauled in Montreal, and due to Canadian sanctions, Siemens “cannot ship repaired turbines to the customer.”

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Germany decided to help export Ukrainian grain by rail

The German authorities are discussing the creation of a monetary fund to accelerate the export of Ukrainian grain by rail. The German government believes that in this way it will be possible to export only 10 million tons ” alt=”Germany decided to help export Ukrainian grain by rail” />

Germany intends to help with the accelerated export of Ukrainian grain to the EU by rail. Michael Theurer, commissioner of the German government for rail transportation, told Handelsblatt newspaper about this.

“We are doing everything possible to ensure that grain can be transported from Ukraine by rail to prevent global famine,”— he said.

According to the politician, the German authorities are considering the possibility of creating a fund for the purchase of new containers for grain. Also in Berlin, they allow the provision of assistance with terminals for reloading grain at the Ukrainian border. Theurer believes that out of 23 million tons of grain stored on the territory of Ukraine, 10 million will be able to be exported in this way. about 25 million tons of grain are blocked in the country, and by autumn this volume will increase to 75 million. According to him, Ukraine can export up to 10 million tons of agricultural products per month through ports, and by rail 2 million tons.

In May, the Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine Mykola Solsky said that due to the blockade of the country's seaports, 7 million tons of wheat, 14 million tons of corn grain, 3 million tons of sunflower oil and 3 million tons of sunflower cake did not enter the world market.

Ukraine accuses Russia of blocking courts. The authorities of the United States and a number of other countries believe that the Russian military operation has led to an aggravation of the food crisis. Moscow, in turn, claims that the reason for the blockade of grain supplies was “illegal actions”; West, which must be canceled to resume exports. The Russian authorities also claimed that Ukrainian ports and the water area near them were mined and merchant ships could be blown up.

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On June 12, Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine Dmitry Senik said that Kyiv had developed two routes for grain exports, they pass through Poland and Romania. “These routes are not ideal because they create certain congestion, but in the meantime we are doing our best to develop them,” — he told Reuters. According to Senik, Ukraine is also discussing the creation of a third corridor through the Baltic countries.

Russian President Vladimir Putin believes that the easiest way— export of Ukrainian grain through the territory of Belarus, and from there— to the Baltic ports, to the Baltic Sea, further & mdash; to anywhere in the world. Zelensky rejected this idea.

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Business Insider learned about Spain’s apologies to Germany for tanks for Kyiv

The Spanish authorities apologized to the German federal government after media reports about plans to supply Ukraine with up to 40 old German Leopard tanks, Business Insider reports, citing sources in the German ruling circles.

According to the publication , the news of a possible transfer to Kyiv of self-propelled armored vehicles purchased from Germany in the 1990s excited Berlin because of the sensitivity of the situation for him: this would be the first time that a NATO country would send tanks to Ukraine. This subjected Chancellor Olaf Scholz to increased pressure.

According to sources, now the Spanish authorities are ready to supply Ukraine with no more than ten combat armored vehicles, moreover, in need of repair. In addition, the transfer of Leopard to the Ukrainian side, according to the clauses in the contracts, will in any case have to be coordinated with the German government, Business Insider points out.

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Bloomberg learned about Germany’s plans to increase the number of NATO troops in Lithuania

The German military contingent in Lithuania as part of the NATO mission will expand to 1.5 thousand people, now it has about 1 thousand military personnel. Germany will also create a special battalion in Lithuania for rapid response, there is no infrastructure yet ” alt=”Bloomberg learned about Germany's plans to increase the number of NATO troops in Lithuania” />

Germany will send another 500 troops to Lithuania, expanding the military contingent in the republic to about 1.5 thousand people, this was done in as part of NATO's efforts to reinforce the eastern flank, people familiar with the matter told Bloomberg and Reuters.

In the plans of the German government— to increase the military contingent in the alliance's mission to 3,000 troops, Bloomberg interlocutors added. According to them, due to the lack of housing for the military in Lithuania and other problems with logistics, an additional 1.5 thousand people will be in constant combat readiness in Germany as a replacement reserve unit.

At the same time, according to According to Reuters sources in the German government, the number of soldiers in the brigade, who will be ready for operational deployment to Lithuania, will be about 3 thousand people.

Bloomberg writes that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz is likely to announce the dispatch of 500 troops to Lithuania on Thursday, June 9. On this day, he is scheduled to meet with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg in Berlin, where the head of the alliance will meet with German Defense Minister Christine Lambrecht.

Scholz announced his readiness to increase the military contingent in Germany the day before , June 7, during a visit to Lithuania. He noted: “We are ready to strengthen our interaction and develop it to a powerful combat brigade,” — emphasizing Germany's readiness to “defend every inch of NATO territory”.

Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda then said that the conditions for the permanent deployment of the battalion would be created within one to one and a half years, LRT reported. “I pointed out to the chancellor that it makes sense for us to have an additional battalion here for constant exercises, for constant training <…> We have to do some work: the construction of barracks, places of deployment, infrastructure,»,— he clarified.

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At the end of May, Scholz announced the creation in Germany of the largest regular army among NATO countries in Europe. According to him, this will allow the country to significantly strengthen its own security and the security of allies. The German authorities also agreed to set up a special fund worth €100 billion, the funds from which will be used to modernize the armed forces, Handelsblatt wrote.

“The German Bundeswehr will be strengthened. He will be able to carry out his defense tasks better than ever, and he will be able to contribute to NATO so that we can protect ourselves from outside attacks at any time, — Scholz added then.

According to the Global Firepower portal, which provides analytics on the military forces of 142 countries, at the beginning of February among European countries— NATO members in terms of the number of military in active service, France was in the lead & mdash; 205 thousand people, while in Germany there are 184 thousand

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What is known about the invasion of the Maybug in Germany?

The Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture of Germany is alarmed by the invasion of the Maybug. According to the statements of German farmers, the pests have already caused great damage to pastures and private plots.

According to the agrarheute.com portal, the pest infestation threshold has been exceeded in the country — more than 40 larvae per square meter. On pastures, the situation is aggravated by another factor. The dark side of success in protecting nature has made itself felt. Breeding wild boars, whose population has almost doubled over the past five years, are very fond of feasting on the larvae of the May beetle and, in search of this culinary delight, they literally plow the fields, massively damaging the herbage.

No less damage is done to private adjoining plots. The Ministry in a special release recommends unscheduled tillage to reduce the pest population. An emergency permit was also issued for the use of a biological product made from concentrated spores of a fungus that parasitizes adult insects and kills them in a few days. However, the use of this remedy, according to experts, is unlikely to give a quick desired result: the effectiveness of the drug is greatly reduced by direct sunlight.

Link to the source https://www.agrarheute.com 

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Welt learned that sanctions against Gazprom Germania will cost Germany €5 billion

According to Welt, this amount includes gas supplies at higher prices from new suppliers, after Russia imposed sanctions against former Gazprom subsidiaries. In addition to providing consumers, Berlin needs to fill storage

Russian sanctions against Gazprom Germania and subsidiaries under its control could cost German gas consumers an additional €5 billion a year, writes Welt am Sonntag, citing unnamed representatives industries.

The companies were “subsidiaries” of Russian “Gazprom”, however, the latter stopped participating in them on April 1. On May 11, Russia imposed sanctions against Gazprom Germania and a number of companies under its control. The next day, German Vice Chancellor, Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habek announced that the former subsidiaries of Gazprom no longer receive gas. At the same time, he assured that the market will be able to compensate for the falling supplies.

Welt writes that the reorientation to other gas suppliers will create a strong burden on the federal budget, as gas will be purchased at higher prices. Since mid-May, a MWh of natural gas has cost Germany about €85 since mid-May, while the usual cost before the start of the Russian operation ranged from €20 to €30.

According to the authorities, the FRG, after the cessation of supplies to Gazprom Germania and its subsidiaries, an additional 10 million cubic meters of gas per day is needed, which will cost about €3.5 billion per year, the publication claims. The rest of the costs will be for filling the Rehden storage facility in Lower Saxony with gas. By October 1, it should be 80% full. According to Welt, filling can be very slow, so Berlin does not have time to wait for gas prices to drop, and the process should start now.

From October, a new surcharge will be established for gas consumers to compensate for increased costs , the newspaper clarifies.

The German Ministry of Economics and Climate Protection did not comment on possible additional spending on gas purchases, citing trade secrets.

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The head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Germany announced the threat of wiretapping of officials by Russia

The Federal Office for the Protection of the German Constitution draws the attention of politicians and civil servants to the risk of eavesdropping by the Russian special services, said the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Nancy Feser, Bild reports.

Such risks, according to the agency, exist in key areas, for example, in the government quarter. They pointed out that “the risk of eavesdropping and the risk of unauthorized data leakage are real and should not be underestimated.”

Feather said that Russia is waging a “hybrid war” and therefore Berlin is forced to act in order to defend itself. “That is why we expelled 40 people from the Russian embassy in Berlin whom we suspected of collaborating with the Russian special services,” — she explained.

The material is being supplemented.

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Speaker of the Rada expressed hope to receive submarines from Germany

Speaker Ruslan Stefanchuk met with the head of the German Defense Ministry and asked her to supply Kyiv with submarines and IRIS-T short-range missiles. He stated that Ukraine is ready to become the defensive eastern border of all Europe

Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Ruslan Stefanchuk met with German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht and asked her to provide Kyiv with submarines, the press service of the Ukrainian parliament reports.

“I do not rule out the receipt of submarines from Germany, because we are ready to become the defensive eastern border of all of Europe. And this cooperation will be mutually beneficial both at this stage and in the future, — Stefanchuk said, asking Lambrecht to strengthen security decision-making.

He also expressed hope for the delivery of the IRIS-T system (short-range air-to-air missile.— RBC) as soon as possible.

Until February 24, Germany refused to supply weapons to Ukraine, but later Berlin changed its position. At the end of March, DPA reported that Germany had sent 1,500 Strela man-portable air defense systems, 100 MG3 machine guns, and several million rounds of small arms ammunition to Kyiv.

In mid-April, the German Chancellor Olaf Scholz announced that the Bundeswehr had exhausted the limit on the supply of weapons to Ukraine from the reserves. He also refused to supply Leopard tanks to Kyiv, explaining that it would be better to send old Soviet weapons to Ukraine, which the military of this country is familiar with.

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On May 28, German Vice-Chancellor Robert Habek said that Berlin could not satisfy all of Kyiv's desires for arms. At the same time, he promised to supply Ukraine with PzH 2000 self-propelled howitzers, on which Ukrainian soldiers are trained.

Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk has repeatedly criticized the German authorities for not supplying Kyiv with heavy weapons. In his opinion, militarily, the German authorities “just let down” Ukraine.

On June 1, the Kremlin, commenting on the supply of weapons to Kyiv, in particular American multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS), said that this does not contribute to the resumption of peace negotiations and “adds fuel to the fire.” According to the press secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov, the goals of the Russian special operation will be achieved, despite the supply of weapons from Western countries.

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Rogozin instructed to restore the operation of the telescope, disabled by Germany

Head of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin instructed to restore the operation of the German telescope at the Spektr-RG orbital observatory, which was turned off by Germany.

“I instructed to begin preparations for the restoration of the German eROSITA telescope at the Spektr-RG space observatory.” paired with a Russian telescope», – he wrote in his Telegram channel.

According to Rogozin, the operation of a unique orbital system is necessary for science, and for those who “for Russophobic political reasons” decided to turn off the telescope, “there was no moral right to do so.”

“We will correct the mistake of the Germans,” he stressed.

Spektr-RG, created in The NPO named after Lavochkin was launched in July 2019 from Baikonur by a Proton-M launch vehicle. Now it is at a distance of 1.5 million km from Earth. The observatory is supposed to explore the sky and map the universe.

Earlier, Dmitry Rogozin said that the next launch of Progress will take place in the fall of this year and will take place according to the single-orbit rendezvous scheme with the ISS.

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What is behind Germany’s promises to supply Ukraine with heavy weapons

At the end of April, Germany decided to start supplying heavy weapons to Ukraine. However, in Kyiv they say that more than a month has passed, and Berlin has not fulfilled its promises. What did Ukraine get? German promises to supply Ukraine with heavy weapons” />

Howitzers PzH 2000

What weapons did Scholz say about the supply of Ukraine

On Wednesday, June 1, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said in the Bundestag that the country will supply Ukraine with modern IRIS-T air defense systems: they will be transferred to Kyiv in the coming weeks. The Armed Forces of Ukraine will also receive a modern radar station and 12 PzH 2000 self-propelled artillery mounts (ACS) from Germany (now Ukrainian military instructors are completing their development).

“The government has decided to supply the IRIS-T— this is the most modern air defense system of those that the Federal Republic of Germany has,— Scholz said. He noted that Germany has been constantly supplying weapons to Ukraine since the start of the Russian special operation. “To date, we have delivered more than 15 million rounds of ammunition, 100 thousand hand grenades, more than 5 thousand anti-tank mines,” — said the chancellor. He also mentioned the implementation of the so-called circular exchange with the Czech Republic: Prague will supply Kyiv with 20 Soviet T-72 tanks, and in return will receive 15 Leopard 2А4 tanks from Germany.

Following the meeting, Tagesspiegel, citing sources in government circles, reported that Scholz kept silent about another supply of weapons: Germany would send Ukraine four Mars II multiple launch rocket systems manufactured by Krauss-Maffei-Wegmann from its own stocks.

A day earlier, on the sidelines of the EU summit, Scholz held talks with Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis and agreed on a new circular arms exchange: Athens will supply Kyiv with 40-50-year-old BMP-1 armored personnel carriers, and in return they will receive German Marder-type infantry fighting vehicles from Berlin, which the Bundeswehr planned to replace with newer Puma type. Earlier it was reported that an agreement had been reached on a circular exchange with Poland and Slovenia: the latter was proposed to transfer a large number of T-72 tanks to Ukraine, and in return to receive a Marder infantry fighting vehicle and a Fuchs wheeled armored car from Germany.

Germany has long adhered to the policy of refusing to supply arms to Ukraine, but revised it after the start of the Russian military operation on February 24, although retaining an unspoken ban on the supply of heavy weapons. On April 28, the three ruling parties of the country, together with the largest opposition bloc of the Christian Democratic and Christian Social Unions, adopted a document in the Bundestag calling on the government to supply Ukraine with heavy weapons. At the same time, Berlin announced its intention to transfer 30 Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns to Kyiv, organizing appropriate training for the Ukrainian military on the territory of Germany. The first batch of these self-propelled guns equipped with automatic guns is due to go to Ukraine in July, the second — in August.

What problems does Germany have with arms supplies

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Despite Berlin's statements about the upcoming deliveries of heavy weapons and circular exchanges, Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk claims that Scholz does not really intend to implement the Bundestag's call and supply Kyiv with heavy weapons. In an interview with RND, Melnyk agreed with the journalist's statement that the choice of Gepard for delivery to Ukraine is a farce, since the FRG has only 23 thousand shells for them, which is enough for just half an hour of operation of one installation.

Ammunition for Gepard is produced in Switzerland, but it does not agree to supply them to war zones. And, according to Melnik, this issue has not yet been resolved. “We get the impression that the chancellor does not want to do this (supply heavy weapons to Ukraine.— RBC). There are only seven self-propelled howitzers [delivered], and we don’t have Gepard, just as we don’t have Leopard-1 or Marder. All of them have already been decommissioned by the Bundeswehr and can be transferred to us by the military industry without prejudice to the defense capability of the FRG, — Melnik continued. The ambassador also said that the deal with Slovenia has not yet been implemented, as Germany has not offered it an adequate replacement for the T-72 tanks. “It seems that this is how they are trying to buy time and are waiting for a ceasefire. Then the pressure on Germany will subside and there will be no need to make bold decisions, — summed up Melnik.

Politico, citing documents in its possession, reported on June 1 that Ukraine did not request Gepard from Germany, but filed an application on March 24 for the purchase of decommissioned Marder infantry fighting vehicles from the German defense concern Rheinmetall. On April 14, the concern agreed to sell 100 refurbished Marders and 1.5 million ammunition to Kyiv for a total cost of €153 million. The first batch, according to the documents, could be transferred to Ukraine within a few weeks. The corresponding deal must be approved by the German government, but there was no response from him. In parallel, Politico notes, the German chancellor promised to supply Marder to Greece. “There is no indication that Kyiv will receive any modern Marder models in the near future,” — states the publication.

The announced circular exchange deal with the Czech Republic has not yet been implemented and the timing of its implementation is unknown, according to the German portal NTV. A similar deal with Poland has also not been completed, although Warsaw has already transferred 240 Soviet-made tanks to Kyiv, Spiegel notes. According to the publication, Poland asked Germany for the latest Leopard models, but Berlin did not deliver them. In Germany, they cannot fulfill the requirements of Poland, because the FRG simply does not have these tanks available, Spiegel explains the situation. German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht acknowledged at a closed meeting on May 16 that she had little hope left that Berlin could reach an agreement with Warsaw. “There were promises from the Germans to strengthen our defenses, unfortunately, none of this was realized,” — Deputy Foreign Minister of Poland Szymon Szynkowski said.

Earlier, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov made a statement that the Russian armed forces would consider warehouses and transports of weapons supplied to NATO to Kyiv as legitimate targets. “Of course, these weapons will be a legitimate target for the Russian armed forces, which operate as part of a special armed operation. And warehouses, including those in the west of Ukraine, have become such a target more than once, — he said on the air of the program “Big Game” on the “First” April 25.

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Erdogan accuses Germany and France of protecting terrorists

He said that the police in France and Germany allow PKK members to march and speak in parliament, so Turkey cannot yet approve applications for NATO membership

Recep Tayyip Erdogan

In Germany, France and the Netherlands, PKK members are being protected. (PKK) and its offshoots, while Turkey has not yet received any documents guaranteeing the fulfillment of its requirements for the approval of the Swedish and Finnish applications to NATO, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said during a speech in parliament.

«NATO— this is a security organization, not a terrorist organizations support organization,— he said (quote from TRT Haber).

According to him, members of the PKK, which is considered a terrorist organization in Turkey, hold marches with the participation of “leaders of terrorist organizations”; European countries, they are protected by the local police. In addition, Erdogan continued, they are allowed to speak in parliaments. He emphasized: “They go further and collect money by setting up tents in front of the European Court of Human Rights.” He wondered how Ankara could say “come and join NATO” while things like this are happening.

“Those who put pressure on our people by supporting the activities of PKK supporters, — not democrats, but fascists in their most primitive form,»,— concluded Erdogan (quote from SonDakika).

The Turkish President also urged not to resort to “games with letters”, calling the PKK otherwise— PYD (Kurdish Democratic Union Party), YPG (Kurdish YPG) or other names for “legalization” purposes. He pointed out that by doing so, the European countries “deceive themselves, not us.” And those who transfer weapons and military equipment to the PKK deserve the title “not a law-based state, but a terrorist one,” Erdogan believes.

“We cannot believe undocumented words. They must close all institutions associated with a terrorist organization, — summed up the President of Turkey.

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A few days after the interview was released, Erdogan called the conversation one of the evidence that Sweden is not taking the steps necessary to approve Turkey's NATO application. The TV channel then assured that a conversation with the leader of the PYD is an important element for understanding what is happening, in addition, the PYD is not considered a terrorist organization along with the PKK.

Sweden and Finland applied for membership to NATO in mid-May, explaining this decision by changes in the security sphere after the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine. Helsinki and Stockholm assured that this decision was not directed against Moscow. Russian President Vladimir Putin called this step a mistake.

Ankara has blocked the approval of applications, it demands the end of “support for terrorists” and entering into a written agreement. The document will include the designation of the PKK and its offshoots as terrorist, the acceleration of the procedure for the extradition of its members to Turkey, Sabah sources said. At the end of May, negotiations were held between the parties, Erdogan was dissatisfied with their result. “The meeting of the delegations was not at the level we expected,” — he said, calling the representatives of Sweden and Finland “dishonest and insincere.”

French President Emmanuel Macron urged Turkey to “respect sovereign choice.” Sweden and Finland. At the same time, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenbrg pointed out the importance of taking into account Ankara's concerns. “Turkey is a valuable ally and any security issues must be resolved. We must be together at this historic moment,»— he thinks.

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Vice Chancellor of Germany pointed to the reverse effect of the US ban on oil from Russia

The introduction by the United States of a ban on the import of hydrocarbons from Russia led to an increase in prices on the world market and an increase in Moscow's income, German Vice Chancellor Robert Habeck said in an interview with CNN.

The US drove up world market prices, so [President Vladimir] Putin made more money by selling less oil. And, of course, this is a problem that we must find a solution to, otherwise we will destroy with the right hand what we built with the left, and vice versa, — he said.

He called the decision to impose restrictions on the supply of Russian hydrocarbons correct and necessary “from a moral point of view”, but noted that so far the embargo has not led to the expected effect.

The United States imposed an embargo on oil and gas supplies from Russia in the beginning of March. In announcing this, President Joe Biden said he understood that this decision would lead to an increase in gasoline prices in the United States, but declared his determination to “apply pressure” Russian President Vladimir Putin.

On May 31, the EU agreed on a partial ban on Russian oil imports as part of a new package of sanctions against Russia. As the head of the European Council Charles Michel pointed out, the embargo will affect more than two thirds of oil imports from Russia. The head of the European Commission (EC), Ursula von der Leyen, said that by the end of the year, Russian oil imports to the EU will decrease by about 90% by the end of the year.

The head of the EC explained that the European Union received one-third of its raw materials through oil pipelines, while Poland and Germany decided to abandon any form of Russian oil supplies, and by the end of the year it will only enter the EU through the Druzhba pipeline, which accounts for 10% of of the total volume of oil bought by the European Union from Russia.

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At the same time, Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak noted in May that Russia had found new oil buyers, in addition, there was an increase in exports to suppliers in Asia Pacific direction. Bloomberg, citing estimates by Kpler analysts, reported at the end of the month that Asian countries for the first time overtook Europe in terms of the volume of oil purchased from Russia: over the previous week, tankers transported from 74 to 79 million barrels, which was almost three times higher than in the period before February 24.

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Germany says EU unity over sanctions against Russia is ‘collapsing’

The summit of the EU countries, where new sanctions against Russia will be discussed, will be held from May 30 to 31. According to the head of the German Finance Ministry, EU unity on sanctions against Moscow on the eve of the summit “begins to crumble”

Robert Habek

EU unity regarding sanctions against Russia “begins to crumble”; ahead of the summit, which will discuss the oil embargo and plans to reduce dependence on Russian energy. This was stated by the head of the German Ministry of Economics Robert Habeck, reports Reuters.

According to him, after the start of Russia's special operation in Ukraine, “we saw what can happen when Europe is united.” “In view of tomorrow's summit, let's hope that this will continue. But this unity is already beginning to crumble, — he said.

Habek urged Germany to speak at the summit “with one voice” and not abstain from voting due to disagreements within the country's ruling coalition. He called for similar unity in other EU states.

Since the end of February, Russian companies, banks and citizens have been subject to Western sanctions: officials, parliamentarians, public figures, heads of state companies and journalists. In the last— the fifth package of sanctions— The EU has also banned coal imports and restricted freight.

Since May, the European Commission has been working on the sixth package of sanctions against Russia. Initially, it was planned to include a ban on the purchase of all Russian oil— both raw and purified, said the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen. However, the package of measures could not be agreed upon, including due to the position of Hungary, which did not agree to abandon Russian oil.

On May 29, Bloomberg reported that the EU may provide for the exclusion of supplies via the Druzhba oil pipeline; from the sanctions package. “Such a compromise would buy Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban time to agree on the technical details of a gradual halt to pipeline supplies to his country,” publication indicated.

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In response to Western sanctions, the Russian authorities announced retaliatory measures, and the government developed and adopted a large-scale package of measures to support the economy. Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak previously warned that the rejection of Russian hydrocarbons threatens to collapse the gas and oil markets, since Russia is their largest supplier.

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Welt learned about the reduction of Germany’s arms supplies to Ukraine to a minimum

In two months, only two batches of weapons left for Ukraine, they contained small devices – mines, parts of machine guns, radios, hand grenades, detonators, the newspaper writes

Over the past nine weeks, Germany has reduced arms supplies to Ukraine to minimum, according to the newspaper Welt, citing documents in its possession.

According to the publication, since the end of March, Berlin has not delivered to Kyiv “at least some significant weapons.” Between March 30 and May 26, only two shipments of weapons were sent to Ukraine, and both contained only small devices, the newspaper writes. One, sent in mid-May, contained anti-tank mines, the other, which went to Ukraine a month earlier,— machine gun parts, detonators, radios, hand grenades, explosives and mines.

The German Ministry of Defense Welt declined to comment on the deliveries, citing secrecy.

The newspaper also reported that the Gepard tanks promised to Ukraine are delayed due to the fact that the Ukrainian military needs to be prepared to work with them.

On the delivery of 30 Gepards announced at the end of April. Later it became known that the first 15 cars would arrive in Ukraine no earlier than the end of July. According to Chancellor Olaf Scholz, the delay was due to the need to prepare the tanks. However, Kyiv believes, writes Welt, citing sources in the Ukrainian government, that the delay is due to the training of the Ukrainian military. According to the newspaper, the training of the first 45 troops will begin no earlier than June 13 and end on July 22.

The second batch of tanks will arrive by the end of August, when the second group of military personnel will be prepared.

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The issue of arms supply is a source of tension in German relations and Ukraine. The Ukrainian authorities, including Andriy Melnyk, the ambassador to Germany, have repeatedly criticized Berlin for the lack of heavy weapons supplies. Melnik, in particular, stated that Berlin “just fails” Ukraine militarily.

In Germany, in turn, they stated that they were helping Ukraine, but could not satisfy all its desires militarily. “The point is not that Germany supplies nothing or too little. Correct— Berlin cannot fulfill all the desires of Ukraine»,— Robert Habek, Vice Chancellor of Germany, Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection of Germany, spoke.

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Duda accused Germany of breaking the promise about tanks for Ukraine

Polish President Duda accused Germany of disrupting the supply of Leopard tanks to replace those given to Ukraine Poland is disappointed that Germany did not keep its promise to supply Leopard tanks to replace equipment sent to Ukraine, Duda said. In response, the German Foreign Ministry assured that they could not transfer tanks “at the click of a finger”

Andrzej Duda

The German government broke its promise to supply Leopard tanks to Poland to replace military equipment sent to Ukraine, in Warsaw “very disappointed” this situation, Polish President Andrzej Duda told Die Welt at a forum in Davos.

“Most of our tank arsenal in the Polish armed forces consists of German tanks of the Leopard type. Therefore, if Germany supported us, if we received a replacement in the form of a circular exchange, then we would be very happy, — said the President of Poland, adding that “they did not keep that promise.”

Warsaw sent Kyiv a “large amount” of tanks because the Polish authorities are sure that this is their responsibility to Ukraine as a neighbor, Duda added. Poland hoped for support from NATO, the US and Germany, the president continued, explaining that such actions weaken the country's own defense potential. He noted that the German authorities are not helping Ukraine enough.

“First of all, it is Germany itself that should help Ukraine. Ukraine is really in dire need of this help,»,— emphasized Duda.

The circular exchange involves the provision of Soviet or Russian-made tanks by EU or NATO countries to Ukraine, since the Ukrainian military does not need to be trained to use them. Germany undertakes to provide a replacement for the donated equipment

After criticizing the Polish president, German Foreign Minister Annalena Berbock assured that Berlin was unable to transfer heavy military equipment to Ukraine “at the touch of a button or at the snap of a finger,” let alone— not from German stocks. The equipment must be “available, repaired and ordered accordingly,” she explained at a meeting with her Polish colleague Zbigniew Rau.

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Burbock emphasized: “We are strengthening the eastern flank of NATO with German soldiers and equipment in the Baltic countries, as well as anti-aircraft missiles in Slovakia”, reports n-tv channel.

The Polish minister later said that he “took note” of explanations of Burbock, who gave him “a number of reasons”; of the non-circular exchange of equipment and noted that the German authorities clearly want to solve the current problem.

At the beginning of the week, the problems in the supply of German tanks to Poland were reported by the newspaper Der Spiegel, citing sources . The interlocutors of the publication said that Poland delivered 240 Russian-made tanks to Ukraine.

Berlin concluded a similar agreement on the circular exchange of military equipment with Prague, it was about the supply of 15 old-style Leopard 2 A4 tanks to the Czech Republic, in the summer the parties agreed to discuss the transfer of more modern Leopard 2 A7 + tanks, German Defense Minister Christine Lambrecht said, Zeit reported.

Der Spiegel's interlocutors in Polish military circles indicated that Warsaw did not want to receive old-style tanks in exchange and intended to upgrade its arsenal with modern Leopard tanks, which would not jeopardize the country's defense.

At the end of April, the Bundestag, the lower house of the German parliament, approved a document calling on the country's government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine. 586 deputies supported the initiative, 100 refused to do so, seven more people abstained. The document speaks of the need to “continue and, if possible, accelerate the supply of necessary equipment to Ukraine, including the supply of heavy weapons and complex systems, and expand the sphere of circular exchange.”

Ukrainian In early May, the ambassador to Germany, Andriy Melnyk, announced the lack of support for Kyiv from official Berlin, calling its policy “sluggish”. Chancellor Olaf Scholz prefers to continue the policy of his predecessor, Angela Merkel, says the diplomat: “wait and see, and then make a decision— or not.

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Spiegel learned about the “stuck” negotiations between Germany and Poland on tanks

Spiegel: relations between Germany and Poland have escalated due to the supply of weapons to Ukraine In exchange for the tanks that Poland supplies to Ukraine, Warsaw expects to receive the latest Leopard tanks from Germany, its NATO partner, but Berlin has not yet done so, the newspaper notes

Relations between Germany and Poland have escalated due to protracted negotiations on the supply of weapons to Ukraine, writes Spiegel.

According to the publication, the negotiations of the countries on the exchange of arms “stuck”, as Warsaw asked to replace its tanks supplied to Ukraine, on the latest German Leopards, but Berlin still hasn't.

Poland has already transferred almost all of its 240 Soviet-made tanks to Ukraine, in connection with which the Polish authorities expect Germany to fill in the gaps with German equipment. However, unlike the Czech Republic, Poland does not want to be content with old German tanks, but demands the supply of modern models for service, including Leopard tanks.

Berlin cannot agree to such a deal, since the Bundestag itself does not have them in available, notes Spiegel. German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht acknowledged at a closed meeting on May 16 that she had almost no hope that Berlin could come to an agreement with Warsaw.

“There were promises from the Germans to strengthen our defenses, unfortunately, none of this was realized,” — said Deputy Foreign Minister of Poland Szymon Szynkowski.

At the end of April, Polish Radio reported that Warsaw, as part of military assistance, transferred to Kyiv more than 200 Soviet T-72 tanks, as well as several dozen BMP. Prior to this, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki confirmed the transfer of tanks to Kyiv.

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Warsaw supplied Kyiv with approximately $1.59 billion worth of military equipment, including 2S1 Gvozdika self-propelled howitzers; and Grad rocket launchers, the radio station reported. Poland also handed over air-to-air missiles air» for MiG-29 and Su-27 aircraft.

In return, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson promised to supply Poland with a Challenger 2 tank if it sends T-72 tanks to Ukraine.

Kyiv has repeatedly accused Germany of not supplying heavy weapons. Thus, Ukrainian Ambassador to Germany Andriy Melnyk noted that Kyiv has the impression that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz does not want to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine.

It looks as if Berlin is waiting for a truce and no longer need will make “bold decisions,” he added.

In late April, the lower house of the German parliament supported a document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine. However, Scholz said that Berlin would not supply Western-made battle tanks to Kyiv until the United States and other allies did so.

Russia strongly opposes the supply of weapons to Ukraine, Moscow has repeatedly said that convoys with such equipment will be considered legitimate targets.

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Welt reported that Kuleba “lost his temper” in a conversation with the Minister of Germany

The newspaper reported on a difficult conversation between the head of the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry and the head of the German Defense Ministry on the supply of Gepard tanks. Kuleba demanded an honest answer on this issue. Earlier it was reported that Germany had no ammunition for tanks

Dmitry Kuleba

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmitry Kuleba “lost his temper” during a discussion with German Defense Minister Christina Lambrecht on the supply of Cheetah tanks, writes Welt.

According to the publication, the Ukrainian minister, during his trip to Germany last week, demanded an “honest” answer about the tanks and a quick solution to the issue of ammunition for them.

Otherwise, he suggested that the minister recognize that the topic was removed from discussion and that Berlin was “focused on a new project.” Sources in Kyiv called the conversation difficult, Kuleba reproached Lambrecht for announcing the supplies, knowing that there were no ammunition.

In Ukrainian government circles, the publication was told that the German minister in during the conversation, she only promised that the government would continue to look for ammunition for the Cheetahs.

Berlin has officially announced its readiness to deliver 50 Cheetahs to Kyiv. at the end of April, the information was voiced by Lambrecht at the US Air Force Base in Ramstein. On April 28, the Bundestag approved the supply of heavy weapons to Kyiv. However, in early May, Welt wrote that the delivery process was delayed due to the lack of necessary ammunition. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz clarified earlier this week that the tanks can't just be picked up, they “have to be ready.”

Anti-aircraft self-propelled gun “Gepard” (air defense tank “Gepard”) was developed in 1963 on the basis of the main German tank “Leopard-1”. In 1973, the car was put into service and entered mass production.

"Gepard" armed with two 35-mm cannons with an effective firing range of 5.5 thousand meters. Blocks of smoke grenade launchers are also installed on both sides of the tower. In total, about 570 ZSU of this type were produced.

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Earlier, Germany has repeatedly refused to supply weapons to Ukraine due to the fact that the country does not supply weapons to the conflict zones. However, in the course of the Russian special operation, Berlin's position changed. Scholz noted that Russia forced Germany to send weapons to Kyiv, because peace in Europe was threatened.

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The Minister of Germany said that he was “politically open” to the idea of ​​arresting the assets of the Central Bank

According to Finance Minister Christian Lindner, such an idea is being discussed among the member countries of the G7 and the EU, certain proposals have been received. At the same time, in the case of a possible confiscation of the assets of the Russian elite, one must strictly follow the law ” alt=”German Minister of Finance said that he was “politically open” to the idea of ​​seizing the assets of the Central Bank” />

Christian Lindner

German Finance Minister Christian Lindner said that he was “politically open” to the idea of ​​confiscation of foreign assets of the Russian Central Bank. He said this in an interview with four European newspapers, including Handelsblatt.

“I am politically open to the idea of ​​confiscating the foreign assets of the Central Bank of Russia. This issue is already being discussed among the members of the G7 and the EU, proposals have already been voiced,— he explained.

According to Lindner, in the case of private assets, you need to carefully study the law. “We must respect the rule of law, even when dealing with Russian oligarchs,” — noted the minister.

He also said that the EU is ready to decide on further sanctions against Russia. “We intend to isolate Russia politically, financially and economically,” emphasized Lindner.— At the same time, we are seeing serious economic impacts, especially for low-income countries, due to rising interest rates and rising global agricultural prices. We will have to work together to stabilize the global economy.

Western countries, including the European Union, the United States and Great Britain, decided to block the international reserves of the Central Bank at the end of February. The head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, specified that the measure would freeze the regulator's transactions and deprive it of the ability to use assets.

Russian Finance Minister Anton Siluanov claimed that about half of the gold and foreign exchange reserves were frozen: about $300 billion out of $640 billion.

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In March, the Central Bank took retaliatory measures. In particular, he banned banks from transferring money from non-residents of countries that have announced sanctions against Russia abroad. The list includes 43 countries. In addition, at the end of March, the regulator took additional measures to limit the movement of funds. “Restrictions were introduced on the movement of capital, a ban on the sale of securities by foreign investors and a ban on their withdrawal of funds from the Russian financial system. In addition, payments on corporate debt of Russian companies and government debt to debt holders from countries that support sanctions against Russia will only take place with the permission of the government commission, — reported to the Central Bank.

The possible confiscation of the reserves of the Central Bank has already been thought in Japan. However, the authorities came to the conclusion that it would be impossible to seize or freeze assets, since there are no relevant provisions in the country's legislation.

Ukraine stated that it claims to have frozen reserves of the Central Bank and, together with Western partners, is working on a mechanism for the confiscation of $ 415 billion reserves. “In fact, this amount is practically enough to cover the direct one-time losses of Ukraine. We expect that in the near future, together with the governments of the partner countries, we will find a legal mechanism through which this money will be spent on the further restoration of the Ukrainian economy,— said the first deputy head of the Ministry of Economy of the country Denis Kudin.

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Lavrov announced the “loss of signs of independence” of Germany under Scholz

According to the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry, under Federal Chancellor Olaf Scholze, Germany lost its independence. Scholz hesitated for a long time about the supply of heavy weapons to Ukraine, but followed the example of other Western countries 756527786786845.jpg” alt=”Lavrov announced the “loss of signs of independence” of Germany under Scholz” />

Sergey Lavrov

Germany completely lost its independence under Federal Chancellor Olaf Scholz. This was stated by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, speaking at the educational marathon “New Horizons”, organized by the society “Knowledge”.

“After the current government came to power, Germany lost the last signs of independence,” — Lavrov said.

According to him, “Western partners do not respect multipolar equality, they want to establish a unipolar world.”

Chancellor Scholz was criticized for the fact that he hesitated for a long time when deciding on the supply of heavy weapons to Ukraine. At the end of March, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky turned to NATO countries with a request to provide tanks to Ukraine. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz has postponed the final decision on their transfer. At the same time, Vice-Chancellor Robert Habek and Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock insisted on the transfer of 100 tanks to Ukraine.

At the same time, other Western countries had already announced the transfer of heavy weapons to Kyiv or began to supply them. In particular, the authorities of Canada and the Netherlands announced the supply of howitzers to Ukraine.

Scholz also stated that the country would not make any decisions in which NATO would take part in the conflict in Ukraine.

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On May 9, Scholz announced that Germany would nevertheless supply Ukraine with weapons and Russia forced his country to do this. “[Russian President Vladimir] Putin leaves us no choice,” — he said. According to Scholz, the Russian leader endangered peace in Europe, so Berlin is helping Kyiv.

On May 17, Germany called for the early admission of Finland and Sweden to NATO. Foreign Minister Annalena Burbock said that this should be done without a transitional period and Berlin would give these countries security guarantees. Previously, Scholz himself spoke about supporting the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO.

Scholz became German Chancellor on December 8, 2021, he headed the German government after Angela Merkel's 16-year rule. Scholz's candidacy was approved after a month and a half of coalition consultations. After elections in September, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), which was led by Angela Merkel for many years, showed the worst result in history, gaining 24.1% of the vote. In the first place were the Social Democrats from the SPD led by Scholz with a score of 25.7%. The third place was taken by the “Greens” with a score of 14.8%, followed by— “Free Democrats” from 11.5%. SPD, The Greens and Free Democrats formed a coalition with Scholz at the head.

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Russian Ambassador to Germany expressed hope for the launch of Nord Stream 2

At the same time, the diplomat noted that in Germany there is a “political order” not to use gas from Russia and reduce dependence on Moscow

Russian Ambassador to Germany Sergei Nechaev expressed hope that the German authorities will eventually return to the Nord Stream gas pipeline project; 2". The diplomat stated this on the air of Solovyov Live.

“The time will come to return to this project, at least I hope so,”— he said.

According to him, technically the project is completed, the pipes are not only laid, but also filled with process gas. He explained that Nord Stream— 2″ can start supplying gas to Germany at any moment.

“On the other hand, there is a political order not to use gas from Russia in any way, on the contrary, to follow the path of reducing imports from Russia,”— added by Nechaev.

Germany suspends Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline certification February 22, the day after Moscow recognized the independence of the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics.

On February 23, German Economy Minister Robert Habeck allowed the project to be completely stopped. In his opinion, it was wiser not to build the gas pipeline at all, because it turned out to be a “lump of risk”; in the Baltic Sea, and energy policy “should be assessed from a security policy and geopolitical perspective.” On the same day, US President Joe Biden instructed his administration to impose sanctions against the project.

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The Kremlin expressed hope that the suspension of certification by the German regulator would be temporary. At the same time, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak did not rule out that Moscow had the right to respond to the refusal to certify Nord Stream 2 stopping the flow of gas through Nord Stream 1.

The Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline consists of two strings of pipes with a length of about 1200 km. Their total power— 55 bcm m of gas per year. The preliminary decision to start construction of the gas pipeline with the participation of an international consortium, which included ENGIE, OMV, Royal Dutch Shell, Uniper and Wintershall, was made in 2012. The construction of the gas pipeline was completed in September 2021.

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The Russian Embassy announced a decrease in cases of discrimination against Russians in Germany

The flow of allegations of discrimination from Russian citizens living in Germany has decreased significantly since the start of the special operation in Ukraine, RBC was told at the Russian Embassy in Germany

Entrance to the sports hall of the German-Russian Lomonosov school after the arson in Berlin

Potok statements from Russian citizens facing discrimination in Germany since the beginning of Russia's military special operation in Ukraine has decreased significantly, RBC was told in the press service of the Russian Embassy in Germany. Earlier, the diplomatic mission opened a special feedback channel in the form of a separate e-mail box, which received messages from citizens about incidents that happened to them.

“Currently, the flow of applications has decreased significantly. We associate this with the effectiveness of our efforts to attract the attention of the German authorities, law enforcement agencies of the FRG and the public to this problem, as well as statements by prominent German politicians about the inadmissibility of such manifestations, — said the press service of the embassy. As noted in the diplomatic mission, since February 24 “there has been a sharp surge in cases of discrimination against our compatriots in Germany.”

“It was, in particular, about assault and damage to property,“ mobbing ” (bullying — RBC) at workplaces and educational institutions, including children, insults and threats. The Federal Office of the Criminal Police of Germany recorded about 200 illegal acts against Russian-speaking citizens per week, — explained at the embassy.

The embassy added that they are also closely monitoring the situation with the desecration of Soviet memorials. “For all cases of vandalism and desecration of Soviet military memorials in Germany, the Russian Embassy sends notes of protest to the German Foreign Ministry, as well as letters to local authorities. The consequences are promptly eliminated. Memorial security has been strengthened. The police respond professionally,— told RBC in the diplomatic mission.

On April 28, the German sociological service Medien Dienst Integration published a study titled “Hostile Actions in Connection with the War in Ukraine”, in which it indicated that since February 24, according to the federal police, about 1,700 hostile actions have been recorded in Germany, according to the federal police. Among them were the most cases of damage to property, including broken shop windows, punctured car tires and graffiti on buildings. The crimes were directed against people or businesses, including individuals of Ukrainian and Russian origin and their businesses. In some cases, actions were directed against immigrants from Belarus. The study notes that since February 24, many messages about discrimination against the Russian-speaking population have been published on social networks, but a significant part of them turned out to be false.

In early April, the Federal Office for the Protection of the German Constitution warned against targeted disinformation campaigns exaggerating the scale of hostilities against people of Russian origin. The Tagesspiegel, in turn, reported 16 cases of vandalism against Soviet memorials in Berlin, including in Treptow Park.

In early April, German Interior Minister Nancy Feiser spoke out against discrimination against Russian-speaking people in Germany. “A terrible war of aggression against Ukraine” This is Putin's war. This is not a war of people with Russian roots who live in Germany. We strongly oppose hostility or discrimination against people because of their Russian origin or language, — she told the DPA agency. The minister stressed that the department “will protect every person in Germany and every object equally.”

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Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Secretary General Mario Chaia urged Germans with Russian roots to contact his office if they encounter discrimination. I see with alarm that there are attacks on Russian shops and a Russian-German school in Marzahn-Hellersdorf (administrative district of Berlin. — RBC). There are graffiti on the walls of the houses, such as “Russian shop”; and “military officials”. Russian-speakers are bullied in the subway. Together we must respond to this smoldering intra-German conflict at an early stage and take countermeasures before the child falls into the well. he said.

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Germany warns of increase in gas prices due to Russia’s retaliatory sanctions

Russia approved the sanctions list, which included the former “daughters” of “Gazprom”. According to the head of the Ministry of Economy of Germany, due to sanctions, Germany will be forced to conclude new contracts for the supply of gas, possibly at a higher price

Russian retaliatory sanctions against Gazprom Germania GmbH and its subsidiaries mean the need to conclude new contracts, possibly at higher prices, said the Vice-Chancellor of Germany, Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Protection Robert Habeck in the Bundestag, reports FAZ.

“Inclusion in the sanctions lists” subsidiaries ” Gazprom Germania means they have to re-conclude supply contracts. These contracts will probably be awarded at higher prices,— said the deputy head of government.

According to Habek, Russia's sanctions deprived Germany of 10 million cubic meters. m of gas per day, but the German government has already developed a plan to replace supplies.

RBC sent a request to a representative of Gazprom.

In early May, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree on Russia's response to the sanctions. The document says that they are introduced in order to protect the national interests of the country and in response to unfriendly and contrary to international law actions of the United States and its affiliated states aimed at “illegal deprivation” of or restriction of property rights to Russia, Russians and Russian legal entities.

On May 11, the Russian government approved a list of foreign companies subject to retaliatory Russian sanctions. The list includes former Western subsidiaries; Gazprom, including Gazprom Germania. This company manages the former European assets of Gazprom, which are also included in the sanctions list: Gazprom NGV Europe, Wingas, Astora, Gazprom Marketing & Trading, Vemex and others.

It is forbidden to make transactions with sub-sanctioned enterprises, including those that involve the entry into Russian ports of ships associated with these legal entities, as well as making payments and transactions with securities in favor of these companies.

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At the end of March, Germany introduced the first of three levels of emergency warning regime in gas supply. It involves the maximum reduction in consumption and monitoring the situation on the gas market.

The first level of the emergency prevention regime is introduced if there are signs of a future deterioration in the gas supply situation. If they are implemented, a second level is introduced. The third is announced in case of a significant disruption of gas supply. In this case, the government takes measures to provide gas to citizens, hospitals, fire services and the police.

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Scholz said that Russia forced Germany to supply weapons to Ukraine

Germany is helping Ukraine as Russian President Putin has “endangered peace in Europe,” German Chancellor Scholz stressed

Olaf Scholz

Russia leaves Germany no choice but to supply weapons to Ukraine. This was stated by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz at the congress of the Association of German Trade Unions, M & uuml; nchner Merkur reports.

“[Russian President Vladimir] Putin leaves us no other choice,” he said. According to Scholz, the Russian leader endangered peace in Europe, so Berlin is helping Kyiv.

The German chancellor stressed that Putin violated the principle of inviolability of borders in Europe “for his revanchist project of creating a Russian empire.” If Berlin had accepted this, it would have strengthened Moscow even more, Scholz concluded.

The day before, the German Chancellor assured that the country would not make any decisions in which NATO would take part in the conflict in Ukraine.

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At the end of April, the lower house of the German parliament supported by a majority a document calling on the government to supply heavy weapons to Ukraine.

However, Scholz felt that Berlin should not make hasty decisions to send heavy weapons to Ukraine. He noted that Germany will not supply Western-made battle tanks to Kyiv until the United States and allies do so.

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Also, the Chancellor's policy on this issue was criticized by the Ambassador of Ukraine Andriy Melnyk. So, he considered that Germany made a decision too late to transfer Gepard self-propelled anti-aircraft guns (ZSU) to Kyiv.

By the end of April, Germany delivered 2.5 thousand anti-aircraft missiles to Ukraine, 900 anti-tank grenade launchers with 3,000 rounds of ammunition, 100 machine guns and 15 bunker launchers with 50 rockets, 100,000 hand grenades, 2,000 mines and over 16 million rounds of ammunition.

Russia has repeatedly warned Western countries that convoys with such cargoes on the territory of Ukraine will become legitimate targets for the Russian military.

Speaking at the Victory Parade on May 9, Putin called the operation in Ukraine the only way to forestall aggression against his own territory and recalled that Moscow offered Washington and NATO to agree on security guarantees.

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Reuters reported on the preparation of Germany’s plan in the event of a Russian shutdown of gas

It may include gas consumption rationing, primarily for households, as well as economic support measures for enterprises, including loans and guarantees

Germany is developing an action plan that it will implement if Russia suddenly decides to cut off gas supplies, Reuters reports, citing sources.

As one of the possible measures, the rationing of gas consumption is called, and the first may be obliged to limit the use of gas by households, and not industry, the agency writes. According to him, this will mean a change in the current policy, according to which in such cases enterprises are the first to be subject to restrictions.

Reuters sources also say that Berlin will support the provision of additional loans and guarantees to companies involved in the energy sector in order to support them in the face of rising prices. In addition, the government can “take under the wing” critical companies such as oil refineries.

Germany is approaching the limit of the sanctions it can impose without sending its economy into a spiral fall, the sources said. According to them, even those members of the ruling coalition who support sanctions pressure on Russia are afraid to impose a ban on gas supplies.

According to one of the sources, the heads of the largest companies in the German industrial sector asked the government not to refuse gas from Russia. Another interlocutor clarified that the business assured the country's leadership that it would independently reduce ties with Russia, but asked “not to force it to do it immediately.”

In late March, Germany introduced the first of three levels of the warning regime gas emergency. It involves the maximum reduction of gas consumption and monitoring the situation on the gas market.

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The first level of the emergency warning regime is introduced if there are signs of a future deterioration in the gas supply situation. If they are implemented, a second level is introduced. The third level is introduced in case of a significant disruption of gas supply. In this case, the government takes measures to provide gas to citizens, hospitals, fire services and the police.

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Germany warns of worst famine since World War II

German Minister Schulze warns of the worst famine since World War II The world is facing “the worst famine since World War II” due to drought, the coronavirus pandemic and the conflict in Ukraine

The drought, the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic, and the fighting in Ukraine threaten to exacerbate the situation of hunger around the world. This was stated in an interview with Bild by the Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany, Svenja Schulze. According to her, food prices around the world have risen by a third and are at a record level.

“The World Food Program estimates that 300 million people in the world suffer from hunger, and these estimates are constantly adjusted upwards. The bitter news is that we are facing the worst famine since the Second World War with millions of deaths, — she said.

Since the beginning of the conflict in Ukraine, world food and fertilizer prices have risen by an order of magnitude. So, in March, food prices rose by 12.6%, to 159.3 points, which was a record for almost 30 years— since 1990, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). This dynamics was the result of a significant rise in prices for vegetable oils (by 23.2% in March versus February) and grain crops (by 17.1%).

Russia and Ukraine— one of the largest suppliers of grain in the world, follows from the data of the foreign agricultural service of the US Department of Agriculture. In the 2021/22 season, which began in July, Russia accounted for 16% of world wheat exports, Ukraine— 10%.

According to the FAO, almost 50 countries depend on food supplies from Russia and Ukraine, which provide at least 30% of their wheat import needs with their help.

Earlier, UN Secretary-General António Guterres also warned that the world could face a food crisis. He called for the return of fertilizers and products from Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to world markets.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky warned in late March of the risk of food shortages. He pointed out that the current situation hinders the sowing campaign. “The most terrible will be the famine that is approaching for different countries,” — he emphasized.

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