Ukraine is preparing a provocation in Odessa to accuse Russia of killing civilians

Kyiv is preparing a provocation in Odessa to accuse Russia of destroying civilian infrastructure and killing civilians. This was said by Colonel-General Mikhail Mizintsev, head of the National Defense Control Center of the Russian Federation.

According to him, the Ukrainian authorities are preparing staging using cluster munitions prohibited by international agreements. A group of anti-Russian activists has been trained to take part in the provocation, who will play the role of victims. According to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, each of them will be paid $500.

Mizintsev specified that, according to the plan of the Kyiv regime, units of the RF Armed Forces will strike the places of deployment of formations of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and allegedly hit a social facility in Odessa.

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In addition, he said that representatives of foreign media, as well as employees of the international organization UNICEF, were brought to Odessa from June 26 to June 28 to cover the provocation.

Earlier, the RF Ministry of Defense reported that from the Ukrainian side provocations are being prepared at the cemetery of those who died from the plague in the 19th century in Odessa.

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The head of Zelensky’s office called Kyiv’s conditions for lifting sanctions against Russia

Kyiv believes that sanctions against Russia should be in effect until “proper assurances” from her side, as well as compensation for damage. Moscow has repeatedly called the sanctions illegal and declared the “sanctions hysteria” of the West alt=”The head of Zelensky's office named Kyiv's conditions for lifting sanctions against Russia” />

Andriy Yermak

International security guarantees for Ukraine should include a bloc on sanctions against Russia, head of the office of the President of Ukraine Andriy Yermak said. His words are quoted on the website of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

According to Yermak, the sanctions policy bloc should become an effective tool to prevent new conflicts. He believes that sanctions against Russia will continue until two conditions are met.

“Firstly, it [Russia] must give proper assurances and guarantees that aggression against Ukraine will not be repeated. Secondly, it must provide full compensation for the damage caused to our state and citizens,” — Yermak said.

According to him, guarantees should also include blocks on the further provision of weapons and military equipment to Ukraine “without any restrictions and politically conditioned obstacles”; building a system of agreements, “which will provide detailed mechanisms for the actions of guarantors in the event of aggression against Ukraine”; annual financial assistance for the development of the defense sector; a permanent security threat assessment mechanism.

“Ukraine has had a very negative experience with security assurances under the Budapest Memorandum. We categorically refuse to repeat it. “Budapest-2” won't,— concluded Yermak.

Kyiv created an expert group to develop international security guarantees for Ukraine, its first meeting was held on July 1. The group is led by Andriy Yermak and ex-NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen, who was an adviser to former Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko.

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Ukraine demands international security guarantees in exchange for declaring a neutral status and refusing to aspire to join NATO. According to Kyiv, permanent members of the UN Security Council, including Russia, as well as Turkey, Germany, Italy, Israel, Poland and Canada could become guarantors.

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said in April that security guarantees should be provided not only to Ukraine, but to all European countries and Russia. He also drew attention to the fact that these guarantees cannot apply to Crimea and those regions whose independence was recognized by Russia.

The US State Department previously said that the easing of sanctions against Russia could be included in the Russian-Ukrainian agreement (negotiations on it stopped in mid-May). Secretary of State Anthony Blinken has indicated that Washington will keep an eye on what Kyiv wants, and if it decides that lifting restrictions will end hostilities, the US can do so. German Chancellor Olaf Scholz also said that anti-Russian restrictions would be lifted only in agreement with Ukraine.

Lavrov noted that the West had been preparing sanctions against Russia for a long time and they “will hardly be lifted.” According to the minister, the restrictions “look like hysteria, even somewhere like agony.”

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Russia ceased to participate in the agreements of the Council of Europe

Moscow ceases participation in eight agreements of the Council of Europe, in connection with this, 14 acts and provisions have become invalid. Russia left the Council of Europe in March

Russia ceases participation in eight partial and extended partial agreements of the Council of Europe (CE). The document, signed by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, dated June 28, was published on the legal information portal.

Thus, Russia withdraws from the Group for International Cooperation on Drugs and Addictions (Group Pompidou, formerly known as the Group for Cooperation in Combating Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking), the European Fund for Supporting Cooperative Film Production and Distribution of Cinematographic and Audiovisual Works. Evrimage» and the European Audiovisual Observatory.

Participation in the partial agreement of 1990 establishing the European Commission for Democracy through Law, and in the partial open agreement of the CE on forecasting, preventing and providing assistance in the event of natural disasters and technological disasters have also been terminated.

In addition, Russia withdrew from the expanded partial agreements on sports, on cultural routes and from the Observatory for the Teaching of History in Europe.

In this regard, 14 acts and provisions have become invalid.

Russia withdrew from the Council of Europe in March, after 26 years of membership. Prior to that, the day after the start of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe limited Russia's rights in this organization and in PACE. On March 14, the CE Parliamentary Assembly notified the Russian delegation of the suspension of its membership in the assembly, later voting for the exclusion of Russia from the CE.

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The Russian Foreign Ministry explained the decision to withdraw from the Council of Europe by the abuse of “their majority” in the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe by the states of the European Union and NATO, which becomes a continuation of the “line of destruction”; this organization.

Later, Vice Speaker of the Federation Council Konstantin Kosachev said that Russia intends to denounce the Charter of the Council of Europe, the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and four other conventions, as well as a number of documents that do not meet the interests states.

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The scientist explained the reason for the invasion of ladybugs in southern Russia

The invasion of ladybugs in the Krasnodar Territory is due to their origin. This was stated in an interview with RIA Novosti by the Deputy Director for Research of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Sochi National Park” Boris Tuniev.

According to the expert, an invasive Asian species is now spreading in the south of Russia insects actively occupying territories. It was first recorded in Sochi in 2012, and before that in Europe in 2001. 

Presumably, this beetle came to the Kuban along with planting material, like many other species.

"This is an Asian species, it is called "harlequin", it is also called "harmony". And like all invasive species, invaders, it gives such a flashy abundance, – the scientist explained.

Tuniev also clarified that ladybugs can bite, or be somewhat dangerous for allergy sufferers, while they do not pose a big threat to plants and human health. However, the danger of Asian ladybugs lies in the fact that ladybugs crowd out local insects because they feed on the same food.

Previously, a disinfectologist named the most effective means of controlling mosquitoes.

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EU considers Russia’s threat to break off relations with Bulgaria unfounded

Due to the expulsion of diplomats, Russian Ambassador to Bulgaria Eleonora Mitrofanova will raise the question of closing the embassy in this country before the Russian leadership

Embassy of the Russian Federation in Bulgaria

Bulgaria's decision to expel 70 Russian diplomats and embassy staff is fully consistent with international law, and Moscow's potential severing of diplomatic relations with Sofia will only increase Russia's international isolation, the European External Action Service said in a statement.

“The European Union deplores the unfounded threat of the Russian Federation to break off diplomatic relations with Bulgaria in response to Bulgaria's decision, in full compliance with international law, to expel 70 employees of the Russian embassy who acted in violation of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations,” noted in the message.

The decision to expel 70 diplomats was announced on June 28 by the BNR agency, citing the acting prime minister of the republic, Kiril Petkov. He claimed that most of them worked undercover for the secret services. The plane with the Russians declared undesirable persons should fly to Moscow on July 3.

The Russian Embassy called Sophia's accusations and the decision to expel her “an unprecedented, slanderous, completely unfounded and provocative act.” If the decision is not reversed, Russia will face the issue of closing the embassy, ​​the statement said. Russian Ambassador to Bulgaria Eleonora Mitrofanova also did not rule out that Moscow could break off diplomatic relations with Sofia.

On July 1, Mitrofanova announced that she would raise the issue of closing the embassy with the Russian leadership. “Responsibility for the further grave consequences of this step lies entirely with the government of Kiril Petkov,” — says Mitrofanova's Facebook message (owned by Meta, which is recognized as extremist in Russia and banned).

Bulgaria has expelled Russian diplomats several times this year. On March 2, the two were declared persona non grata, as they were allegedly engaged in intelligence. On March 18, Sofia decided to send ten more diplomats, and in early April— the first secretary of the embassy, ​​against whom a case of espionage was initiated in Bulgaria. Russia expelled Bulgarian diplomats in response.

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Medvedev said that Russia can only rely on its own forces

Medvedev: in the near future, against the backdrop of sanctions, Russia can only rely on itself Russia, against the backdrop of sanctions, “has nowhere to go”, and it will have to do everything to replace foreign equipment with domestic counterparts that are not inferior to it in terms of characteristics, Medvedev said

Russia in the short term can only rely on itself, sanctions will not be lifted from it, so everything must be done to replace imported equipment with domestic counterparts, said Dmitry Medvedev, deputy head of the Security Council, at a meeting at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT). The broadcast was conducted on the page of the university on VKontakte.

“You all perfectly understand that this very blockade, these sanctions, whatever you want to call them, they are very long <…> And they [Western countries] will not remove it in the foreseeable future. That is, in the next foreseeable periods, we can rely only on our own strength, — said Medvedev.

According to him, in the current situation there is “a very big challenge, and a lot of minuses”, but “there are, probably, certain pluses”, since this situation can become “an impulse for new breakthrough solutions.”

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The most important thing, as noted by the deputy head of the Security Council,— it is that “there is nowhere to go already.” “We will need to do everything to replace foreign equipment with domestic analogues that are not inferior to it in terms of technical characteristics,” — he declared.

As Medvedev noted, Russia “has a lot of things here,” and this is “not just copying imported samples” that are now unavailable due to sanctions, but “creating original developments.” “As a rule, it is always even better in level,” — he added.

Since the end of February, Western countries, including the European Union, the United States and Great Britain, have repeatedly tightened sanctions against Russia. Under restrictive measures, including the export of microelectronics and high-tech products. In particular, the United States began to refuse to issue licenses to exporters to supply “sensitive” products for the defense, aerospace and shipbuilding industries, including semiconductors, computers, telecommunications, information security equipment, lasers, sensors. Restrictions on exports to Russia also apply to semiconductors manufactured in Asia using American equipment.

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President Vladimir Putin called these sanctions “one of the difficult topics” and “one of the main areas of attack on Russia from the entire set of restrictive measures.” He noted that the Russian government “for several years has been trying to launch, recreate and create a microelectronic industry on a new basis.” in the country.

Russian authorities consider Western sanctions illegal. The Foreign Ministry promised to answer them. In particular, in early June, Russia restricted the export of noble (inert) gases, such as neon, which is a key component in the production of chips, Reuters reported citing the Russian Ministry of Industry and Trade. And the Kremlin noted that Russia is able to “succeed” with the Western world, even though the USSR did not succeed in its time.

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The head of the Finnish Foreign Ministry said that an “iron curtain” appeared between Russia and the West

Photo: pixabay.com

In the modern world, the architecture of European security has been destroyed, a new “iron curtain” has appeared between Russia and Western countries. This opinion was expressed by Finnish Foreign Minister Pekka Haavisto.

“I think this is a new reality. I do believe that the architecture of European security has been destroyed. This is a new situation, a new type of iron curtain has appeared between Russia and other countries,” he said in an interview with CNN.

Havisto believes that this happened because of the conflict in Ukraine. This has changed the atmosphere of security, the minister is sure. He also expressed concern about “irresponsible talk about chemical and nuclear weapons.”

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Kissinger gave a gloomy forecast for Russia in Ukraine

The oldest diplomat named the conditions for the start of a world war

Henry Kissinger gave an interview to the conservative British magazine The Spectator (almost 200 years old) and outlined three scenarios for the end of the situation in Ukraine. They do not inspire much optimism, especially compared to the same Kissinger's statements at the Davos Forum at the end of May.

Photo: Global Look Press

Kissinger is worth listening to not only because he is one of the oldest and most experienced diplomats in the world, is a member of the highest offices and has influence on world leaders. But also because one of the few remaining figures of the real world. One where ministers and diplomats were appointed on the basis of experience, ability, and not compliance with the agenda and did not declare, as, for example, British Foreign Secretary Liz Truss, that they would never recognize Russia's sovereignty over the Rostov region.

Let me remind you that in May Kissinger's Davos speech aroused, if not outrage, then indignation. He was even listed on the Myrotvorets website as a hostile and undesirable figure for Ukraine. Because he stated that “negotiations should begin within the next two months, before the situation finally becomes unmanageable and impossible to correct.” And most importantly, perhaps Ukraine should make territorial concessions to start negotiations.

And now, a month later, Kissinger is no longer talking about the need for territorial concessions to start negotiations. In May, he explains, the purpose of his statement was to settle the question of the purpose of the military confrontation before it all falls into the abyss – “becomes politically unmanageable.” Now, in his opinion, the goals are defined and three outcomes are possible. Moreover, “all three of them are still open to some extent.” That is, if a month ago, Russia, in his opinion, could enter into negotiations after territorial concessions from Ukraine, now this will not happen. This means that hostilities will continue until one or the other side exhausts the possibility of conducting them.

Kissinger sees three outcomes as follows.

The first. Russian victory. Under it, he understands the situation when Russia will remain where it is now. And thus will receive 20% of Ukraine and most of the Donbass (the main industrial and agricultural region), as well as a strip of land along the Black Sea. If she stays there, it will be a victory. At the same time, the role of NATO will not be as decisive as previously thought. That is, in fact, the threat from the North Atlantic alliance, which Russia spoke about, will be leveled. Interestingly, in general terms, this coincides with the goals that the President of Russia also called.

Second. War with Russia. Kissinger believes that it is possible to oust Russia from the territory of Donbass to the borders of 2014 and from the territory of Crimea. This, in his opinion, will lead Ukraine and the West to the question of a war with Russia itself. In fact – to the global conflict. Considering the statements of our president about a crushing response to those who “climb” and bringing our nuclear forces into a special mode of readiness, this option is the most frightening.

Third. Loss of Russia. If the Ukrainians can push Russia back to the borders as of February, then “Ukraine will be restored.” And most importantly, “it will be re-armed and closely linked with NATO if it does not become part of it.” That's when “the rest of the issues could be left to the discretion of the negotiations.” The conflict will be frozen. And such a situation, according to Kissinger, will be “a significant achievement for the allies.” NATO will be strengthened by the addition of Finland and Sweden, which will create an opportunity for the defense of the Baltic countries. Ukraine will have the largest conventional ground forces in Europe associated with or as members of NATO. “Russia will be shown that the fear that has hung over Europe since the Second World War, before the advance of the Russian army, can be prevented by the usual actions of NATO,” the diplomat said. In his opinion, this will also lead to a change in the balance of power in general – America will cease to be “the main element in the defense of Europe with the help of its nuclear forces.” And Europe will be so united that “for the first time in recent history, Russia will have to face the need to coexist with Europe as a whole.”

According to Kissinger's May forecast, there is still a month to keep control of the situation. It would be better to listen to this forecast – because his new forecasts are getting gloomier.

Источник www.mk.ru

Life under supervision. How are released pedophiles controlled?

A draft law was submitted to the State Duma proposing to change the law “On” administrative supervision of “persons released from places of deprivation of liberty”. They want to add to it a provision on the indefinite wearing of electronic bracelets by those who were imprisoned for a crime against the sexual integrity of a minor under 14 years of age and suffering from pedophilia. And while they are taken under police supervision for a limited period and without the possibility of online control. How this work is being carried out, aif.ru was told in Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia for Krasnodar Territory.

Guardianship for the former convict

In Russia, some of the criminals, after being released from behind bars, immediately fall under the control of the internal affairs — it is supposed to keep them from going back to crime. By law, under "guardianship" adult former inmates with outstanding or unexpunged convictions are taken, in respect of which a corresponding decision has been made by the court. It individually defines a list of temporary restrictions on rights and freedoms and and obliges to perform certain actions.

Citizens convicted of a grave or especially grave crime, including recidivists, fall under the law on administrative supervision. It also applies to persons who have been imprisoned more than twice for drugs, to those who have been serving sentences for premeditated crime against a minor, even under a non-serious article. But this does not mean that, for for example, the killer necessarily falls under the supervision of the police on freedom. Supervision is established in the event that, while serving a sentence in captivity, the offender maliciously violated the regime. The same mechanism is activated when he/nbsp;commits within a year after the release of two or more administrative offenses specified in the law. But there and a special clause relating to crimes against sexual freedom and the inviolability of a minor.

“According to the law, in relation to pedophiles, administrative supervision is established by default, that is, it is mandatory. Before the release of such a convict who has served his term, the colony is obliged to apply to the court in advance to make an appropriate decision. This applies only to articles related to pedophilia», — tells Police Lieutenant Colonel of the Main Directorate of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia for Krasnodar Territory Vladislav Sergak, who is in charge of this line of work.

The court a priori establishes supervision over a pedophile until the repayment of his criminal record, which takes 10 years from the moment of release on especially serious articles. By the way, it should be noted that in colloquial speech the word “pedophile” often used to briefly indicate the nature of the crime. By  the first meaning is a disorder of sexual preference — a clinical diagnosis that not  every convicted of a sexual offense against a minor can be made. For example, a man who is too affectionate can get a prison sentence for an intimate relationship with a 17-year-old who looks and is perceived by him like a woman, and not a child. According to Vladislav Sergak, this difference between criminals is important to take into account.

“They get it in order”

Obviously, control over people with sexual preference disorder is first and foremost important. Judging by everything, the authors of the bill submitted to the State Duma in the spring also tried to take this into account. It proposes to indefinitely hang electronic bracelets on persons who have been imprisoned for a crime against the sexual integrity of a minor under 14 years of age, and suffering from pedophilia. By the way, the draft also excludes the age limit over 18 years old and for the definition of a pedophile. It is proposed to consider as such citizens from 14 years, suffering from the corresponding disorder — in recent years, this type of crime has become much younger.

Now, after leaving the colonies, people convicted of having sex with minors of different ages fall under the control of the police. But in in any case, they are treated solely on the basis of the court's decision to establish supervision. In total, the Kuban police officers currently have 278 “wards” such a category, of which 33 live in Krasnodar. For comparison — a few years ago there were over three hundred people in their region. Now the police are doing their best to prevent the released criminals from getting back to the old.

As a rule, after their release, pedophiles are limited to the maximum of the rights and freedoms that are relevant in their case. They are prohibited from attending kindergartens, schools, entertainment venues, mass events. They cannot leave their place of residence during the hours determined by the court — usually from 22 to 6 in the morning, leave outside the settlement. They are obligated to check in with inspectors from one to four times a month. District police and criminal investigation officers are required to check such wards at their homes at least twice a month, including the time when they are forbidden to leave their homes. Other services also participate in this work. For example, traffic police helps to identify violators of the ban on leaving the city — supervised persons are entered into a special database.

By a court decision, supervision may be extended, terminated ahead of schedule, or additional restrictions may be introduced, including at the initiative of the police. Sanctions are provided for  failure to comply with the established restrictions and obligations. Depending on the situation, this may be a fine, compulsory work, administrative arrest up to fifteen days. There is also criminal liability that may follow if the restrictions are violated repeatedly.

«Under supervision — worse than ever, from all sides they will get, in fact, — continues Vladislav Sergak. — And around the place of residence of the supervised person, they also get everyone in order. Police officers regularly question his relatives and neighbors about his behavior, even talk with children living nearby. We try to take all possible preventive measures in order to avoid relapses. Of course, sometimes they happen, but for us, this is a real emergency».

A matter of technique

The technical means proposed by the State Duma deputies could just increase the efficiency of this work. It is noteworthy that the police of the Krasnodar Territory, even last year, went to the federal level with a legislative initiative on the use of electronic bracelets in relation to pedophiles. As Vladislav Sergak notes, one of the most difficult tasks in their activities — search for wards who are hiding from & nbsp; supervision. If such a person does not appear at home for a long time, does come to check in, then it takes a lot of effort to establish his whereabouts.

Here it must be borne in mind that there are few supervisors in the police. In  districts of the Krasnodar Territory, this area of ​​work is responsible for a couple of employees who are not easy to control each ward. Most often, problems arise with those who abuse alcohol. Now about 80 people out of almost 4 thousand people under surveillance in the Krasnodar Territory are hiding from the police. But those who violated the sexual inviolability of minors, among the "runners" no. According to the police, most pedophiles generally behave very quietly after their release, because they don don't want to end up in places of deprivation of liberty again.

Now only the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia uses electronic bracelets to control criminals. The current legislation provides for the use of these means in relation to convicts, as well as persons who have been chosen a measure of restraint in the form of house arrest, prohibition of certain actions and bail. In Russia, in the  Krasnodar Territory, by a court decision, electronic bracelets are put on; literally, you can count on fingers. Naturally, the most dangerous criminals cannot   — they are put behind bars. But the court can impose a restriction of liberty with the use of technical means of control to some individual who likes to be naked in the presence of children. In this case, tracking his movements on satellite will allow you to find out in time if he, for example, tries to approach a kindergarten, school or other child care institution in violation of the established ban.

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What kind of fraud with goods from IKEA appeared in Russia?

Scammers have appeared in Russia who offer to buy goods from closed stores of the Swedish IKEA chain. This is reported by the newspaper “Izvestia”. According to a law enforcement source, three criminal cases have already been opened in Moscow after appeals from victims who transferred money but did not receive goods. 

How do Ikea scammers operate?

Scammers operate in several ways at once. So, an attacker contacted one of the victims and convinced her to pay for a sofa previously ordered from IKEA. The victim sent him a “payment” but never received the goods. Another victim ordered 500 glasses from the scammer through a Telegram chat of neighbors at home, paid 50% of their cost, after which the “seller” disappeared. Another victim of the attackers transferred money to an alleged employee of the chain store, which she found in the thematic group on VKontakte. 

How not to become a victim of scammers?

Experts interviewed by the publication believe that complete protection against scammers can only be given by refusing to buy “from hand”; goods of brands that have left Russia.

In particular, when buying IKEA goods on classifieds sites from individuals, the buyer will not have guarantees of the authenticity of these products.

If you want to purchase items that have left Russia,  ;brand country exceeds caution, it is recommended to pay only at the time of delivery of the goods.

Is it possible to purchase IKEA products without risk?

Coming soon arrange a sale of their products. It will be held on the IKEA.ru website.

According to the Telegram channel Mash, the sale for buyers will begin on July 5. For now, only employees of the company can purchase products of the brand leaving Russia. 

 Source: https://iz.ru/, https://t.me/

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What does Russia’s withdrawal from Snake Island mean?

The Russian Defense Ministry announced the withdrawal of troops from the Black Sea island of Zmeiny, which was taken under control on the first day of the special operation in Ukraine. What is the strategic importance of the island and why they did not keep it – in the material of RBC jpg” alt=”What does Russia's departure from Zmeiny Island mean” />

View of Zmeiny Island

Why Zmeiny is important

Before the start of Russia's military special operation in Ukraine, few people knew about the rocky island of Serpents with an area of ​​​​20.5 hectares and with a population of less than a hundred people located in the Black Sea near Odessa. However, after February 25, when the Russian military announced the capture of the island, the situation changed. The New York Times explained that Serpentine is crucial in terms of control of the northwestern Black Sea. Ukrainian military expert Oleg Zhdanov, in an interview with the BBC, said that if Russian troops manage to occupy the island and deploy their long-range air defense systems there, then “they will control the sea, land and air in the northwestern part of the Black Sea and on south of Ukraine».

The French TV channel France 24 emphasized that Serpentine has acquired a symbolic meaning for both sides of the conflict. Because of its proximity to Odessa, the island is often called the gateway to its port, said Jeff Hone, a freelance researcher at the New Lines Institute, US geopolitical research center. Thus, Serpentine could be vital to averting a full-blown global food crisis, given that in the old days Ukraine exported about 4.5 million tons of food through Odessa every month, concluded Hawn.

< p>Yuri Shvytkin, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Defense Committee, in an interview with Lenta.ru emphasized that if the island was under the control of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, they could use American anti-ship systems in the direction of the Crimean peninsula. “Secondly, not a single ship— here we are talking about Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, etc.— will not pass by Snake Island. This sea route is under the control of those forces that are located on the island,— concluded the deputy.

How the sides fought for Serpentine

On the night of February 25, 2022, the Ukrainian authorities reported that all the defenders of the island were killed and they would be posthumously awarded the title of Hero of Ukraine. However, the representative of the Russian Ministry of Defense, Igor Konashenkov, said that 82 servicemen of the island garrison surrendered and gave a signature refusing to participate in hostilities. Later, the Armed Forces of Ukraine admitted that the military, previously declared dead, were in Russian captivity. Subsequently, they were exchanged for captured Russians.

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The flagship of the Black Sea Fleet participated in the operation to capture the Serpentine— cruiser “Moskva”. On April 14, it became known that he sank after a fire on board. The Russian Ministry of Defense reported that ammunition had detonated on the ship.

After the capture of Zmeinoye, the Russian army began to create an air defense center on the island. In particular, it is known about one air defense system “Pantsir-SM” located on the island. and two Tor-M2U complexes. In parallel, the Armed Forces of Ukraine began to prepare for a counterattack.

On May 10, Konashenkov reported that the attempt to seize the island resulted in the death of more than 50 Ukrainian soldiers and “ended in disaster for Ukraine.” On May 12, the Russian military shot down a drone over the island and intercepted three Ukrainian Tochka-U ballistic missiles. Similar messages came throughout May and three weeks of June.

On June 20, Ukrainian forces attacked Zmeiny again. The Russian Ministry of Defense stated that the Armed Forces of Ukraine hit the island with ballistic missiles “Tochka-U”, MLRS “Hurricane” and fired from US-supplied M777 howitzers from positions near Odessa and on Kubansky Island. The air raid involved 15 attack and reconnaissance drones, whose actions were coordinated with the help of two Turkish Bayraktars. According to Konashenkov, a US Air Force RQ-4 Global Hawk reconnaissance drone was also seen over the island, and Ukrainian forces provided drone cover with S-300 systems from positions in the Tuzla and Ochakov regions.

The American company Maxar Technologies, specializing in in satellite manufacturing and related services, released satellite imagery of Snake Island on June 17 and 21. These shots were also shown by CNN. They show large areas of scorched earth and a ruined tower, the channel reported.

On June 22, the Russian Ministry of Defense announced that the Ukrainian military had once again unsuccessfully tried to seize Snake Island. The attack was again carried out from firing positions located near Odessa and on Kubansky Island.

Why Moscow decided to leave the island

On the morning of Thursday, June 30, official Kyiv announced the withdrawal of Russian troops from Serpentine. Soon the Russian Defense Ministry announced the withdrawal of troops from the island. The Russian military, having completed the tasks at Zmein, as a “goodwill step” the garrison stationed there was withdrawn, the ministry said. With this step, Russia showed the world community that “it does not interfere with the efforts of the UN to organize a humanitarian corridor” on the export of grain from Ukraine, the Russian military department said in a statement. “This decision will not allow Kyiv to speculate on the topic of an impending food crisis, referring to the impossibility of exporting grain due to Russia's total control of the northwestern part of the Black Sea,” it also says.

From a purely military point of view, the decision to withdraw troops from Serpentine seems to be correct— the island turned out to be easier to capture than to hold, said Vasily Kashin, director of the Center for Comprehensive European and International Studies at the National Research University Higher School of Economics, an expert of the Russian Council on International Affairs, in a conversation with RBC. At the same time, the statement about the “gesture of good will” sounded “extremely strange,” says Kashin.

Serpentine is a flat rock; to prepare it for defense, you need to spend several months creating long-term fortifications, the expert explains. It was only possible to hold the island until the Ukrainian side had enough long-range artillery, Kashin continues. The island is located 35 km from the coast— NATO 155-mm howitzers received by Ukraine are finishing it off, the expert explained. “Shoot down with missiles of the Pantsir anti-aircraft missile system” each incoming MLRS missile, and even more so each incoming projectile from a long-range gun is impossible, this requires a huge number of missiles, — he noted.

The significance of holding the island was mainly political, because it is possible to block the use of Ukrainian ports without control over this island, Kashin believes. It is also not known about any long-range missile systems deployed on Zmeiny, the expert added. “He was important from a political point of view, especially after the Ukrainian propaganda invented a well-known myth about his heroic defense and the death of defenders on the very first day of the war. In addition, one of the goals was to divert Ukrainian forces to try to capture it,»— Kashin said.

Sim Tak, an analyst at the American military consulting company Force Analysis, also believes that the strategic value of Zmeiny is overestimated: “The military equipment stationed there is mainly designed for defense and has a very limited range,” he said.

On the other hand, when the Ukrainians occupy the island, they will be in an even worse position because they do not have advanced air defense systems, Kashin stressed. “And now the Russian side will be able to periodically launch various missile and air strikes on the island, which will be quite difficult to fend off,” — he concluded.

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What do the decisions of the NATO summit mean for Russia?

NATO leaders agreed to increase the rapid reaction force in Europe by almost eight times, and also officially invited Finland and Sweden to join the alliance. What does this mean for Russia and what could be the answer? ” alt=”What do the NATO summit decisions mean for Russia” />

How NATO will be strengthened

On Wednesday, June 29, the leaders of the NATO countries at the summit in Madrid agreed to increase the size of the alliance's rapid reaction force by almost eight times— up to 300 thousand people. Now it is 40 thousand fighters, who should be ready to start combat missions within 15 days. Until 2014, it was planned that the scale of such forces would not exceed a division and amount to about 13 thousand military personnel.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the increase will take place in 2023. He explained that the countries of the alliance will prepare and finance these forces for the defense of certain territories in the east. NATO forces will be deployed in different countries to defend specific areas of the territory of the alliance members. The bloc plans to place heavy equipment and weapons on the border with Russia.

On the same day, US President Joe Biden said that the US military presence in Europe would be strengthened, the deployment of US troops would change to meet modern realities. In particular, Washington intends to increase the number of rotational units in the Baltic countries and deploy an additional brigade of more than 3,000 soldiers and officers on a rotational basis in Romania. The headquarters of the 5th US Army Corps will be located in Poland, and two squadrons of fifth-generation F-35 fighter-bombers capable of carrying nuclear weapons will be sent to the UK. The number of American destroyers based in Spanish Rota will be increased from four to six. These ships are equipped with Aegis (Aegis) systems and are part of the US-deployed global missile defense system. In addition, the United States is going to deploy additional air defense assets in Germany and Italy.

After the collapse of the USSR, a significant part of NATO forces was reduced to non-combat-ready units, that is, forces that are not capable of immediately engaging in battle, said Ilya Kramnik, a researcher at the Center for North American Studies at the IMEMO RAS, an expert of the Russian Council on International Affairs, in a conversation with RBC. The available NATO Rapid Response Force is, however, very limited. As for their increase to 300,000 people, most likely, it is not about the number of combat-ready units, but about creating opportunities for the rapid deployment of new units, Kramnik suggested. That is, additional military bases with a set of weapons will be equipped, where you can quickly transfer personnel already trained to work on this equipment. “For example, a base with a set of equipment for a brigade is being deployed. Through this base, a certain number of military personnel are annually trained on this equipment. Accordingly, everyone who has passed this training can be gathered and put on alert within a few days, — the expert explained.

Such bases will appear, most likely and first of all, in the countries of Eastern Europe from Poland to Romania, Kramnik believes. “At the same time, many NATO countries have already increased military spending and, apparently, will increase the size of their armies. In particular, previously reduced divisions will be recreated in Germany, — noted the expert. According to him, the heavy weapons that the countries of the alliance can deploy,— these are main battle tanks, artillery installations with a caliber of more than 100 mm, multiple launch rocket systems, armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles, etc. “That is, what was limited under the CFE [Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, in which Russia suspended participation in 2015],” — summed up the expert.

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How NATO plans to expand

NATO leaders also officially invited Finland and Sweden to the alliance (claims against Turkey were withdrawn on June 28) and called Russia the most significant threat to the security of the alliance countries and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region. Russian President Vladimir Putin has failed to close NATO's doors, Stoltenberg said Wednesday: “He's getting the opposite of what he wanted. President Putin will deal with the broader NATO alliance after the entry of Sweden and Finland into the alliance.

In mid-April, Deputy Chairman of the Russian Security Council Dmitry Medvedev wrote on his Telegram that an increase in the number of NATO members from 30 to 32 would lead to the fact that “Russia will have more officially registered adversaries.” “If Sweden and Finland join NATO, the length of the land borders of the alliance with the Russian Federation will more than double. Naturally, these boundaries will have to be strengthened. Seriously strengthen the grouping of ground forces and air defense, deploy significant naval forces in the waters of the Gulf of Finland, — summed up the ex-president, concluding that “we can no longer talk about any non-nuclear status of the Baltic states”; balance must be restored.

  • The decisions of the Madrid NATO summit were recorded in a declaration. It states that the heads of state of the alliance met in Madrid at a time when “the war returned to the European continent”, so the leaders reaffirmed their commitment to the unity and basic principles of the alliance, in particular, “the commitment to the Washington Treaty, including Article 5, remains ironclad.” (this article says that an attack on one of the members of the alliance is an attack on all).
  • Russia is mentioned 13 times in the declaration (China – once), in particular, it is indicated that the Russian Federation is “the most significant and direct threat to security, peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region.” This is also fixed in the NATO strategy approved at the summit. NATO allies strongly condemned Moscow's actions in Ukraine, calling them a violation of international law, and called on Moscow to immediately cease hostilities and withdraw troops from Ukraine, they called on Belarus to stop supporting Russia.
  • Ukraine was promised by 30 NATO countries political and practical support, in particular the acceleration and increase in the supply of non-lethal weapons.
  • In addition to strengthening the rapid reaction units, NATO leaders decided that each country would approve its own military development plans, which would strengthen the overall capability of the alliance. To develop the technologies used by the alliance, a special accelerator and innovation fund will be created that will unite the efforts of governments, the private sector and scientists.
  • Special measures of political and practical support for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia and Moldova will also be developed.

How Russia will respond

The deployment of additional NATO forces in Eastern Europe will lead to compensatory measures on the part of Russia, Deputy Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov commented on the decision of the alliance. Moscow has the possibilities and resources to ensure its own security 100%. “We will not remain in debt, as they say,” — Ryabkov noted. Those who propose solutions to strengthen the military presence of the North Atlantic Alliance in Eastern Europe “are under the illusion that Russia will be able to be intimidated, somehow restrained,” & mdash; says Ryabkov. “That's what they can't do,” — he concluded.

“In principle, Russia has something to answer, but the growth of the military budget— this is a rather heavy burden on the economy, and there are many questions about how adequately it is possible to economically provide this increase in forces, — warns Kramnik.

  • On June 29, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson called on the states & mdash; NATO members to increase military spending in light of the events in Ukraine. “We need all allies to dig deeper [into their reserves] in order to increase deterrence and secure defense in the coming decade. [Defense spending in the form of] 2% [of GDP] has always been considered a minimum amount, not a ceiling, — he said.
  • In mid-May, the head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, announced that the EU countries will increase defense spending by €200 billion.

We will have to attract more military personnel under the contract, buy more and modernize the entire set of equipment, Kramnik predicts. In terms of the number of both people and weapons, the Russian army is not very focused on confrontation with NATO, just like the countries of the alliance today are not ready to fight with Russia. “Here is a big question about the possibility of economics” who is better able to support the increase in strength, & mdash; summed up the expert.

For Russia, the strengthening and expansion of NATO does not mean anything good: the northwestern direction is becoming the main threat, says the editor-in-chief of the Arsenal of the Fatherland magazine. Reserve Colonel Viktor Murakhovsky. “In that direction against Norway there is a separate army corps and the joint strategic command “North”. Obviously, they will have to be strengthened and the appropriate strike means should be placed there,»,— explained the military expert.

According to the decree of the President of Russia, which entered into force in 2018, the number of the country's Armed Forces is set at 1,902,758 people. Of these, 1013628— military personnel. This is about 400 thousand contract soldiers, about 270 thousand conscripts and a certain number of officers, Murakhovsky recalled. “In all likelihood, a presidential decision will be needed to increase the size of the peacetime army by at least 20%. NATO is growing every year, and it is impossible to leave this unanswered,— concluded the expert.

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The United States did not see the need for contacts with Russia on NATO forces in Europe

Kirby: The US has not informed Russia about plans to strengthen its military presence in Europe The US has not contacted Russia on military presence in Europe and believes that this is “not necessary”, said John Kirby

John Kirby

The United States did not inform Russia in advance about its plans to increase its military presence in Europe. This was stated by the coordinator for strategic communications of the National Security Council (NSC) John Kirby, reports CNN. he said.

Pentagon official Celeste Wallander, who deals with international relations, told reporters that NATO's announced measures do not violate any treaties with Russia, including the founding treaty Russia — NATO.

Earlier, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said that the alliance will increase the rapid reaction force from 40 thousand to 300 thousand people by 2023.

He indicated that these forces will be trained and financed by different states — NATO members to defend the territories of the alliance on the eastern flank. The bloc's plans also include an increase in battle groups and deployment of military equipment in forward positions.

NATO countries at the summit in Madrid adopted a new strategic concept for the next ten years, identifying Russia as “the main threat to security.”

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An increase in the number of NATO troops Stoltenberg announced two days earlier. Prior to this, the newspaper El Pais, citing sources, wrote that during the NATO summit, the countries will discuss increasing the number of military alliances stationed in Europe.

The Kremlin said that the Russian Defense Ministry is developing plans to strengthen the country's western borders in response to strengthening of the North Atlantic alliance on the eastern flank.

On June 29, NATO also officially invited Sweden and Finland to join the alliance. Their membership will have to be approved by the parliaments of 30 countries— members of the military-political bloc.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, in turn, warned that the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO could aggravate the already “difficult situation in the field of international security.” According to him, Russia will be forced to respond if additional military infrastructure appears on their territories.

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Stoltenberg said NATO is preparing for escalation with Russia since 2014

The Secretary General of the alliance noted that from that moment on, the bloc began to strengthen its military presence on the eastern borders. The NATO summit decided to invite Sweden and Finland to the bloc

NATO has been preparing for a confrontation with Russia since 2014, the military operation did not come as a surprise to the alliance, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said during press conference following the first day of the summit.

“NATO has been preparing for such a possibility for a long time, not that on February 24 we realized that Russia is dangerous,” — he said, adding that Western intelligence had warned countries— NATO members about Russia's buildup of military forces near the borders with Ukraine and its plans to start military operations.

“The reality is that we have been preparing for this since 2014. Therefore, we strengthened our military presence in the east of the alliance and NATO began to invest more money in defense,— Stoltenberg explained.

At the summit, the alliance adopted a new strategic concept, which called Russia “the most serious and direct threat to the security of NATO members and peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region.” The members of the bloc decided that they would continue to counter the “Russian threats”, “irresponsible rhetoric” Moscow and respond to “its hostile actions.”

NATO also condemned the special operation in Ukraine and called on Russia to immediately cease hostilities.

< /p>The summit is being held in Madrid and will last three days, from 28 to 30 June. In addition to adopting a new strategic concept, NATO members have decided to give Sweden and Finland, which applied to join the alliance in May, the status of invited countries. Turkey has previously opposed their membership, accusing both states of harboring individuals whom Ankara considers to be terrorists. However, the Office of the Finnish President reported that the differences have been settled and Turkey will support the applications of the two countries. Their entry must be approved by all 30 Member States.

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky addressed the participants of the summit. In his statement, he asked the question — “Has Ukraine not paid enough yet?” for joining NATO, and also called on the West to support Kyiv with weapons, finances and politically, since the fighting in Ukraine is “for the right to dictate terms in Europe.”

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Putin said that Russia has no problems with Sweden and Finland in NATO

President Putin: Russia will respond in a mirror image to the response to the contingents in Sweden and Finland Sweden and Finland received an invitation to join NATO on June 29th. Putin said that Moscow is not concerned about the possible entry of countries into NATO, but warned them against deploying military contingents and infrastructure of the bloc

Russia is not concerned about the possible entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO, but will mirror the deployment of the alliance's military infrastructure in these countries, President Vladimir Putin said following the results of the sixth Caspian summit.

“We have nothing to worry about in terms of Finland and Sweden's membership in NATO. They want to [join NATO]— please. Only they should clearly and clearly imagine that before there were no threats to them, and now, if military contingents and infrastructure are deployed there, we will have to respond in a mirror manner and create the same threats for the territories from which threats are created to us, — said the head of state (TASS quote).

At the same time, the President stressed that the call of Western countries to Ukraine to refuse negotiations with Russia confirms that everything is being done to achieve the imperial ambitions of the united West. “This is a means to protect their own interests. That is, through the hands of the Ukrainians, the Ukrainian people, NATO members and the leading NATO countries simply want to further assert themselves, assert their role in the world, confirm not their leadership, but their hegemonism in the truest sense of the word, their imperial ambitions, — he explained.

Sweden and Finland decided to join NATO in May amid the ongoing Russian military operation in Ukraine. On May 18, they submitted their applications to the bloc's Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.

NATO officially invited Sweden and Finland to join the alliance on June 29, following the results of the summit in Madrid. “The accession of Finland and Sweden will make them more secure, NATO— stronger, and the Euro-Atlantic region— safer. The security of Finland and Sweden is of paramount importance to the North Atlantic Alliance, including during the accession process,— said in the block statement.

For a long time, Turkey opposed the membership of Sweden and Finland, which demanded from them the extradition of members of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), whom it considers terrorists, the closure of all organizations associated with the PKK, and the provision of guarantees. The parties were negotiating and on June 28, the Office of the Finnish President reported that the differences had been settled and Ankara would support the applications of the two countries.

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As NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said, the upcoming entry of Finland and Sweden will send a signal to Russian President Vladimir Putin that the doors of the alliance remain open and now he will “get more NATO at the Russian borders”, although he sought the opposite. According to the NATO official, the membership of Finland and Sweden “will change the whole situation in the Baltic region” because they will “cover up” Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia and will allow to strengthen the presence of the bloc.

Putin has previously warned that the entry of Sweden and Finland into NATO could aggravate the already “difficult situation in the field of international security.” Dmitry Polyansky, Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN, said that Sweden and Finland, who want to join NATO, could become Russia's target if alliance troops appear on the territory of these countries. “They know that as soon as they become members of NATO, this will require certain mirror steps from the Russian side,” — he said, calling NATO “an unfriendly bloc”; and “enemy”.

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The Security Council called the freezing of Russia’s assets “the greatest theft in history”

Freezing Russian assets— this is one of the greatest thefts in history, said in an interview with RIA Novosti Deputy Secretary of the Security Council Alexander Venediktov this is one of the greatest thefts in history. And the paradox is that the organizers of this crime are those who previously assumed responsibility for maintaining the world economic architecture. It's like putting a fox in charge of a chicken coop, — he said.

According to him, all this leads to the self-destruction of the Bretton Woods system (the international system for organizing monetary relations and trade settlements, which in 1944 replaced the financial system based on the “gold standard”). “This trend cannot be denied. Today, the paramount task of the entire world community— to make sure that this crash passes with minimal losses, and does not lead to a new world war, — noted the Deputy Secretary of the Security Council.

NATO has identified Russia as a “major security threat”

NATO members demanded that Russia “immediately stop” the military special operation in Ukraine, and Belarus – “stop its complicity” in it. The alliance also accused China of seeking to “undermine the international order”

The new NATO Strategic Concept calls Russia “the main security threat.” This is stated in a statement following the meeting of the participating countries, published on the website of the alliance.

“The Russian Federation is the most serious and direct threat to the security of NATO members and to peace and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region,” stressed in the statement. NATO countries agreed that they would continue to counter the “Russian threats”, its “irresponsible rhetoric” and respond to “her hostile actions.”

The North Atlantic Alliance called on Russia to immediately stop the military special operation in Ukraine, and Belarus— “cease your complicity” in it.

In addition, NATO said that China challenges the interests, security and values ​​of the West, and seeks to undermine the international order.

NATO Summit takes place from 28 to 30 June in Madrid. A new NATO strategic concept document is adopted for the next ten years.

The Strategic Concept outlines NATO's security goals and objectives, as well as the challenges the Alliance faces in a changing security environment.

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In the strategic concept “Active participation, modern defense» (2010) outlines three main objectives: collective defense, crisis management and cooperative security.

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NATO began to prepare for a confrontation with Russia in 2014

Jens Stoltenberg. Photo: AP.

NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said at a press conference that the alliance did not realize on February 24 that “Russia is dangerous.”

“NATO has been preparing for this for a long time,” he said.

“The reality is that we have been preparing for this since 2014,” the head of the North Atlantic bloc added.

He noted that as part of this preparation, the presence of troops and equipment in the east of the alliance was strengthened , in addition, the organization began to invest more in defense.

According to Stoltenberg, the West tried to talk with Russia before the special operation, but Moscow “decided to continue to implement its plans.”

Recall that Today, at the NATO summit, a new strategic concept of the alliance was approved, in which Russia is called “the most significant and direct threat to security.”

Recall that Russia sent draft agreements on security guarantees with the United States and NATO. However, after several rounds of consultations, the US and NATO replied that they refused to sign these documents.

Источник www.mk.ru

Switzerland urged to stop the policy of blockade and sanctions against Russia

Europe should start negotiating with Putin

Voices are multiplying in the international community criticizing the blockade, boycott and sanctions policies of the US, EU and NATO against Russia. In particular, a member of the Swiss People's Party and entrepreneur Magdalena Martullo-Blocher called for an end to the blockade of Russia and start negotiating with Russian leader Vladimir Putin.

Photo: Global Look Press

In an interview with Die Freie Welt, the politician said that the heads of European states need to realize their responsibility and recognize their dependence on Russian gas instead of fueling the conflict. Martullo-Blocher is convinced that Europe needs to negotiate with the Russian president not only about a stable gas supply until at least next spring, but also about peace.

The Swiss politician stressed that the sanctions did not have any effect on Russia effect, but gas in Europe at the same time became seven times more expensive, which leads to huge problems in Germany. According to a study by the German Institute for Macroeconomic Research, a gas shortage could cause a 12% drop in the country's gross domestic product.

Moreover, Martullo-Blocher added that the energy shortage in the neighboring state could affect Switzerland, which , in turn, depends on electricity imports from other countries. According to the politician, if there is not enough gas abroad, then the exported electricity will decrease, and the Swiss will have to “sit in the dark.”

Read also:Polyansky appreciated the “theatrical tricks” Zelensky at a meeting of the UN Security Council

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Media: China has reduced the supply of goods to Russia by almost 40%

After the start of the NWO, exports to Russia from China fell sharply.

After the start of the NWO, there was a sharp decrease in the export of goods from China to Russia.

At the same time, the PRC authorities did not support Western sanctions against Moscow.

A study by scientists reports a decrease in exports to the Russian Federation Peterson Institute for World Economics (Washington).

At the same time, there is a record growth in hydrocarbon imports from Russia to China.

Thus, after the start of the NWO, China became the second after the EU in terms of reducing the expert in the Russian Federation .

Experts are sure that the situation with China is connected with Beijing’s unwillingness to fall under the secondary sanctions of the West and drew attention to the risks of violating the expert’s control.

In total, China’s exports to Russia decreased by 38 % compared to the second half of 2021.

This corresponds to the average of countries that have not joined anti-Russian sanctions.

Earlier, TopNews wrote that China banned Russian & #8220;Boeing”.

At the same time, the media reported possible problems with Aliexpress.

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Stoltenberg said that “Putin will get more NATO” near the borders of Russia

According to the secretary general of the alliance, the Russian president, who demanded that NATO refrain from advancing to the Russian borders, achieved the opposite. Turkey agreed to support Finland and Sweden's entry into the alliance

Finland's and Sweden's upcoming entry into NATO will send a signal to Russian President Vladimir Putin that the doors of the alliance remain open; Putin, who insisted on NATO's refusal to expand, achieved the opposite, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said at a press conference following the signing of a memorandum between Finland, Sweden and Turkey.

“He wanted less NATO, but now President Putin will get more NATO at the Russian borders,” — said Stoltenberg.

The Secretary General also noted that the membership of Finland and Sweden in the alliance “will change the whole situation in the Baltic region”: they will “cover up” Estonia, Lithuania and Latvia and will allow to strengthen the bloc's presence in the region.

Turkey agreed to support the entry of Finland and Sweden into NATO. The countries signed a memorandum that takes into account Ankara's objections to the arms embargo and the fight against terrorism in the Nordic countries, including the suppression of the PKK, which Turkey considers a terrorist organization.

Last December, Putin pressed the US and NATO for written security guarantees. In particular, he insisted that the alliance refuse to move to the east and not accept Ukraine into its ranks.

“We were given promises not to advance the infrastructure one inch. They said one — did something else. Now NATO is in Poland, Romania, the Baltic countries. As we say among the people — cheated, cheated. Then the US withdrew from the missile defense treaty. And now the launchers are in Romania and will soon be in Poland. And there are installations on which you can install “Tomahawks”; — strike missiles. Isn't that a threat to us? — Putin said on February 1.

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Zelensky says Russia has no place in UN Security Council

The Russian permanent representative considered that Zelensky, by his speech at the Security Council, was trying to “beg for more weapons from the participants of the NATO summit”

Russia has no right to remain a member of the UN Security Council, said President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky. Russia, along with China, Great Britain, the USA and France, is a permanent member of the UN Security Council. The organization's charter does not provide for a procedure for expelling a permanent member.

He also called for the Russian delegation to be stripped of “powers in the UN General Assembly.” “It's possible, it's necessary, it's fair, it's fair. Russia has no right to remain in the UN Security Council,— Zelensky said during a speech via video link at a meeting of the Security Council.

According to the Ukrainian leader, the Russian side continues to take part in the activities of the UN and “even enjoys the privileges of a permanent member of the UN Security Council”, occupying this position “only because of the myopia of politicians after the end of the Cold War.”

First Deputy Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Dmitry Polyansky, speaking about Zelensky’s participation in the Security Council meeting, which, according to him, was “pushed through by the Westerners”, called Kyiv’s task to try to overcome the “fatigue” from the topic of Ukraine in the West and “beg for more weapons from the participants of the NATO summit.” “For this, the entire Ukrainian antiprop is mobilized, any fakes and staging are used,” — the diplomat said, adding that Moscow would oppose this.

Zelensky had previously proposed expelling Russia from the UN Security Council, otherwise, in his opinion, the body should dissolve itself.

Russia's Permanent Representative Vasily Nebenzya, in response, emphasized that it was impossible to deprive a country of membership in the Security Council according to the charter. US Ambassador to the UN Linda Thomas-Greenfield also said that the United States is sympathetic to the position of Kyiv, but does not see the possibility of excluding Russia.

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Expert Gonzalez: Latin America will not support oil price caps from Russia

Photo: pixabay.com

Paraguayan economist Victor Raul Benitez Gonzalez said that Latin American countries will not support the G7 initiative, according to which prices on Russian oil will be limited.

In his opinion, this will happen because they understand that this decision will significantly increase inflation and cause instability in the food supply.

“I believe that it won't work despite all the calls from Washington representatives. They will not receive a positive response, since this step will undermine all efforts to reduce inflation and the fight for food security,” added Benitez Gonzalez.

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Russia may replace fines for some traffic violations with warnings

The State Duma of the Russian Federation has prepared a bill that proposes to replace the fine for minor traffic violations with a warning, as well as to toughen the responsibility for serious misconduct. This is written by the publication “Izvestia”.

We are talking about amendments to the “automobile” chapter of the Russian Code of Administrative Offenses.

Minor violations include, for example, a dirty number plate, a forgotten driver's license and a turned off “turn signal”, and among serious — unfastened seat belt and transportation of a child without a child seat.

It is noted that, in addition to the above, the bill provides for the introduction of sanctions for exceeding the average speed and provides for the waiver of a fine for the absence of a diagnostic card.

Earlier in The State Duma of the Russian Federation proposed to deprive the worst violators of traffic rules of discounts on fines.

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The United States allowed a number of deals with companies from Russia in the field of aviation

We are talking about transactions related to the supply, export or re-export of goods, technologies or services to ensure the safety of civil aircraft, subject to their registration in jurisdictions exclusively outside of Russia

The US Treasury allowed part of the deals with some sanctioned Russian companies in the field of civil aircraft security. This follows from the agency's general license.

We are talking about transactions related to the supply, export or re-export of goods, technologies or services to ensure the safety of civil aviation. A condition for the stipulated transactions is the registration of aircraft in jurisdictions exclusively outside of Russia. In addition, goods, technologies or services supplied, exported or re-exported must be intended for use on aircraft operated exclusively in civil aviation.

An exception is made, in particular, for the United Aircraft Corporation (UAC, part of Rostec), Irkut Corporation, which are under sanctions. («daughter» UAC), Aviation Complex named after. S.V. Ilyushin, PJSC «Tupolev («subsidiary» UAC) and others.

The Ministry of Finance also determined the period until August 11, 2022 as the last for transactions of the state corporation ” ;Rostec». The same applies to structures in which she owns 50% or more.

In addition, according to another license, the American side allowed to carry out with the Russian Federal Security Service (three individuals and one legal entity associated with the FSB fell under US sanctions) some operations related to the issuance of licenses and certificates related to information technology. The authorities clarified that these are cases where “export, re-export or supply of any goods or technologies” are not prohibited by the US Department of Commerce. In addition, the fee for such transactions should not exceed $5,000 per year.

The day before, the United States imposed sanctions against 29 Russians, including against the ex-Minister of Defense, head of the Rostec aviation cluster; Anatoly Serdyukov and TV presenter, Deputy General Director of Gazprom-Media Tina Kandelaki. In addition, 70 companies fell under the restrictions, including Rostec, UAC and its subsidiaries.

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Siemens rejected Russia’s data on the reasons for the reduction in gas supplies to Germany

Siemens Energy called “very convenient” the reason given by Gazprom for reducing gas supplies to Germany. Such a significant drop in gas pumping volumes would not have occurred due to turbines being repaired, said Käser

The significant reduction in Russian gas supplies to Germany occurred for political reasons, and not because of the failure to return the turbine for Nord Stream gas pipeline from repair, according to the Russian side. This was stated by Siemens Energy CEO Joe Käser in an interview with Süddeutsche Zeitung.

«It is very convenient to involve a company that is well known in Russia— said Kezer.— Even if it were, it would never justify such a large reduction in gas flow.

The head of Siemens Energy noted that German Chancellor Olaf Scholz is reacting objectively and balancedly to the crisis, trying to mitigate the escalation. He pointed out, “This is a gift these days. Enough people are already excited.

RBC sent a request to a representative of Gazprom.

We are talking about reducing the supply of Russian gas to Germany, about which Gazprom notified the German side on 14 June. Gas supply fell from the planned 167 million to 100 million cubic meters. m per day, the next day another gas turbine engine was decommissioned, which reduced the volume of pumping to 67 million cubic meters. m of gas per day.

The Russian company explained what was happening with the delay in the repair of Siemens units (it decided to leave the Russian market in May), they are being repaired in Montreal, Canada, and it is difficult to take them out due to sanctions. The Kremlin insisted on a similar version of the reason for the current situation, assuring that Russia remains a responsible supplier.

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German vice-chancellor Robert Habeck, however, considered that the reason for the reduction in supplies was political reasons, not technical ones. He said that the repair work on the pipeline, which will affect the volume of gas supplies, should not be carried out by Siemens Energy until autumn and in any case will not affect 40% of the gas pipeline infrastructure. He announced additional measures to save gas in Germany, calling relations with Russia on the issue of supplies “arm wrestling”.

At the same time, the German authorities admitted that Russia could completely cut off gas supplies, Habek expressed this opinion at the end of June. “In reality, [Russian President Vladimir] Putin is gradually reducing the amount of gas,” — he said. Khabek believes that Putin intends to put pressure on the market and increase the cost of gas in Europe to “stir up social unrest and destroy unity.”

The Financial Times also wrote about the fears of German officials in Moscow's plans to cut off gas supplies, indicating that Nord Stream will be closed for approximately two weeks from mid-July for annual maintenance. Carsten Rolle, a member of the German business confederation BDI, explained in an interview with the newspaper that in previous years, Gazprom made up for the shortage of gas due to maintenance of the gas pipeline, sending more gas to Germany through Ukraine or through the Yamal gas pipeline; Europe» via Poland.

One of the FT's unnamed German officials spoke of fears that the deficit will not be replenished this year. “They have already reduced flows through Nord Stream 1” by 60% and did not compensate for this by increasing flows through other pipelines,— he explained.

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What kind of unmanned attack helicopters are they planning to produce in Russia?

In Russia, they plan to produce attack helicopter drones weighing 750 kilograms to destroy enemy manpower and lightly armored vehicles. The Russian Helicopters holding can become a manufacturer of 750-kilogram unmanned aerial vehicles.

Design

It is planned to produce drones that will be built according to a single-rotor scheme with a tail rotor, that is, like a classic helicopter . The advantage of this scheme is the simplicity of design and control system, which leads to a reduction in production, repair and maintenance costs. However, the tail rotor takes away part of the engine power (up to 10%) and at the same time does not provide either lift or forward thrust, and besides, it is vulnerable when flying close to the ground. 

Purpose< /h2>

It will be a multifunctional reconnaissance and strike drone that can be used to search for and destroy enemy personnel, lightly armored vehicles, and other targets.

The drone can carry a payload of up to 200 kilograms, which is very good with its weight of 750 kilograms. In the basic configuration, it will have a gyro-stabilized optoelectronic system, an aiming system and six all-round cameras. The unmanned helicopter will be equipped with a tank version of the Kalashnikov machine gun with an ammunition capacity of 550 rounds, a firing range of almost 4 kilometers. Also, the drone will be equipped with eight unguided rockets and 16 anti-tank bombs.

What is it for?

Today in Russia there are no serial helicopter attack drones with a developed set of weapons, and such a machine would be useful, for example, when operating in urban areas or at the forefront. In addition to performing tasks over land, this kind of drones could be used in the Navy, both in terms of improving situational awareness and in terms of making it possible to quickly hit targets at sea.

Analogues

The closest competitor of the planned drone in Russia — This is Aeromax's SH-750 UAV. The 800-kilogram drone belongs to the same type, which was created on the basis of the Skymak-3001 manned helicopter. The work on the project was carried out by NPO Aviation Systems, however, the status of the project, announced in 2017, is unknown. Emirati UAV Garmousha. Another drone belongs to the French — VSR700 developed by Airbus Helicopters for the country's Navy based on the Guimbal Cabri G2 manned helicopter. 

Source: https://ria.ru/20220628/vertolety-1798596084. html

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The State Duma reported that some of the captured soldiers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are being held in Russia

General Kartapolov: part of the surrendered Ukrainian military is being held in Russia ://s0.rbk.ru/v6_top_pics/media/img/6/37/756564139397376.jpg” alt=”The State Duma reported that some of the prisoners of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are being held in Russia” />

Some of those who surrendered captured by the Ukrainian military is in Russia, investigative actions are being carried out with them. About this “Interfax” Colonel-General Andrey Kartapolov, head of the State Duma Defense Committee, said.

“Some of those who surrendered are in Russia, and some are there (in the Donbass). There are those in Russia in respect of which the fact of a crime against citizens of Russia is confirmed, and investigative actions are being carried out with them, — said the deputy.

He noted that all persons who surrender are checked for involvement in possible war crimes, and if they are found not guilty, then they have two options: either obtain Russian citizenship or wait in line for an exchange and return to Ukraine.

According to him, many of the Ukrainian soldiers who surrendered express a desire to obtain Russian citizenship and do not want to return to Ukraine.

Since the beginning of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, 6.5 thousand Ukrainian soldiers have surrendered to Russian captivity, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said on June 7. On May 19, the official representative of the Russian Ministry of Defense, Igor Konashenkov, announced the largest number of Ukrainian soldiers who surrendered in a day. According to him, 771 fighters of the Ukrainian battalion “Azov” surrendered to the Russians then. (the symbols are recognized as extremist in Russia and banned, and the battalion itself is going to be declared a terrorist organization).

In total, according to the Ministry of Defense, from the blocked plant “Azovstal” 2439 fighters of the Armed Forces of Ukraine came out in Mariupol. The head of the DPR, Denis Pushilin, said earlier that those who had surrendered from Azovstal the tribunal inevitably awaits.

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At the request of Roskomnadzor, RBC provides data on the details of the military operation in Ukraine based on information from Russian official sources.

On June 24, a TASS source reported more than 800 Ukrainian servicemen who had surrendered near Lisichansk and in a cauldron near Gorsky and Zolote over several days of intense fighting. A day later, the Russian Ministry of Defense reported that the allied forces of the People's Militia of the Luhansk People's Republic and the Russian Armed Forces entered Lysichansk and were fighting within the city.

Formerly Tatyana, Commissioner for Human Rights in Russia Moskalkova said that the mothers of Ukrainian prisoners of war held in Russia began to ask not to return their sons to Ukraine because of fears that young people would either be sent back to the front or subjected to repression.

In addition, according to her, similar appeals were received from two Ukrainian prisoners of war. “A new category of appeals appears that were previously not inherent to us, related to the military theme,” — pointed out by the Ombudsman.

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Macron and Scholz said that the G7 will continue to increase pressure on Russia

The West will continue to “increase the economic and political costs” of the Russian authorities, the leaders of Germany and France said following the G7 summit. Both Scholz and Macron noted that “Russia should not win”

Emmanuel Macron and Olaf Scholz (left to right)

Sanctions against Russia will be in place for as long as necessary, said the French President Emmanuel Macron at a press conference following the G7 summit in Elmau, BFM TV reports.

“Russia <…> shouldn't win. Our support for Ukraine and our sanctions against Russia will be maintained for as long as necessary,— said Macron.

The fact that the West will continue to increase pressure on Moscow, following the results of the G7 summit, was also announced by German Chancellor Olaf Scholz. He, like Macron, said that “Russia should not win” this conflict.

"The Big Seven" remains united in its support for Ukraine. We will continue to support and increase the economic and political costs <…> for President [of Russia Vladimir] Putin and his regime, — said the Chancellor.

G7 Summit (an informal association that includes Britain, Germany, France, USA, Italy, Canada and Japan) this year was held from 26 to 28 June at Elmau Castle in the Bavarian Alps. As a result of the negotiations, the leaders of the countries— G7 members said they intend to continue imposing “targeted sanctions” on against Russia. In particular, as US President Joe Biden said, we are talking about a ban on the import of Russian gold. In addition, the “Big Seven” is considering imposing a cap on Russian gas prices to cut Moscow's energy export revenues, Bloomberg has learned.

The Kremlin has repeatedly called Western sanctions against Russia illegal. Speaking about the possible limitation of prices for Russian gas, the presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov said that this issue should be discussed with Gazprom. As for the future ban on the import of Russian gold, the market for precious metals is quite large, voluminous and very diverse,” he noted. And, as with other commodities, if one market is no longer attractive due to illegal decisions, there is a “reorientation to where these commodities are more in demand and where there are more comfortable and more legitimate economic regimes,” the spokesman said.

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